Mary Leonard1

#11491, (circa 1816-7 June 1861)
FatherJames Leonard2 (c 1783-23 Nov 1857)
MotherMary Wayte3 (c 1794-5 Oct 1885)
ChartsAylott Family - descendants
Brett Family - descendants
Darby Family - descendants
Leonard Family - descendants
Wayte Family - descendants
Mike Hill - ancestors
Descendents of Richard Darby
Last Edited28 Mar 2022
WikiTree ID:Mary was born circa 1816 in Rugeley, Staffordshire and baptised on Monday 1 April 1816 She was recorded as living with her parents and her younger siblings Emma, Martha and Ruth in the 1841 census at Hulme, Manchester. She was recorded as being approximately 20 years old (rounded down to the nearest 5 years).

A small water-colour portrait was painted of Mary in 1844, probably a keep-sake for her family just before her immigration to Australia.

Mary emigrated from London in 1845. Also on board were two of her young cousins, Harriet (10) and Ellen (6) who were perhaps in her care. Mary arrived at Port Adelaide, South Australia, on 24 November 1845

She married John D. Darby, by trade a bricklayer, but in the colonies a farmer in a Congregationalist ceremony on Thursday 23 November 1848 in Morphett Vale, South Australia. John was aged about 30 and Mary was perhaps 2 years older.

Her husband John died 26 January 1853 at the approximate age of 34, leaving her a widow. She was 3 months pregnant.

Mary became the parent of Mary Elizabeth Darby in 1853 in Adelaide but Mary died a month short of her second birthday.

Perhaps in despair, Mary emigrated with her two young sons back to England and her family.

Mary died on 7 June 1861 in Hatherlow, Stockport, Cheshire, of pulmonary phthisis. She was recorded as being aged 44.

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Leonard-12730.
Mary Leonard c.1844
     (For a brief history and context on the Darby family - which this person is an extended member of - see this page)

NOTE: The information on this page is my research to date and is subject to change as I become better informed. I very much welcome any corrections or additional info you might have - my email address is at the bottom of this page. Whilst historical facts are not copyright, my writing about these facts are. If you wish to use any text from this site on Ancestry or on any other website, please ask me first - Tim Hill.
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Mary was born circa 1816 at Rugeley, Staffordshire.4,5 Rugeley in the early 1800's was a small market town in the Hundred of Cuttlestone East. The town "has a remarkably neat, cleanly apperance; the houses are well built". The main item manufactured here were hats and sheet iron.The population was 2,677 in 1821.

She was the daughter of James Leonard and Mary Wayte.2,3 Mary Leonard was baptised on Monday, 1 April 1816 at Rugeley, Staffordshire.4 She presumably lived with her parents at Rugeley, Staffordshire, in March 1827. The house, which the Leonard's needed to vacate, was described as a "commodious dwelling-house, situated near the Market PLace, with a good shop to the front" and came with a good pew in the church.6 She presumably lived with her parents at Rugeley, Staffordshire, in October 1827.7

She was recorded as living with her parents, 3 young children, and her younger siblings Emma, Martha and Ruth in the 1841 census at 1 Boundary Street, Hulme, Manchester. She was recorded as being approximately 20 years old (rounded down to the nearest 5 years).8



A small water-colour portrait was painted of Mary in 1844, probably a keep-sake for her family just before her immigration to Australia.

Mary emigrated from London on 25 July 1845 on the Templar. Also on board were two of her young cousins, Harriet (10) and Ellen (6) who were perhaps in her care.9,10 Mary arrived at Port Adelaide, South Australia, on 24 November 1845.9



By the end of 1845, the population of the South Australian colony was a little over 21,000.11

A visiting English artist drew a landscape of Morphett Vale 1845.
Morphett Vale c1845, artist Alex C. Kelly
(source:
State Library of South Australia, A. C. Kelly Collection, image B5765)


She married John D. Darby, by trade a bricklayer, but in the colonies a farmer, son of George Darby and Elizabeth Aylott, in a Congregationalist ceremony (the schoolroom may have been used as a temporary Union Chapel whilst it was being built) at the schoolroom on Thursday, 23 November 1848 at Morphett Vale, South Australia. John was aged approximately 30 and Mary was aged approximately 32 years old... A week later in the same place, John's brother Thomas married Jessie Nicholson.12,2,13



A year after the Independents met at Morphett Vale, the congregationalists laid the foundation stone for the Union Chapel on Thursday, 30 August 1849. It was completed in February of the following year for harvest thanksgiving, for a total cost of less than £200. It was intended that this would serve the needs for all the local Presbyterians. Reverend Edward Knight Baker was the initial minister, but had to resign his position four years later due to poor health.14,15

Mary and John D. Darby became the parents of George Leonard Darby circa 1850 at Morphett Vale, South Australia. George was perhaps named after his father's father. It also seems like his birth was not registered.16

Mary and John D. Darby became the parents of James John Darby on Sunday, 18 May 1851 at Morphett Vale, South Australia.17,1,18

The Darby house was a three-room wooden cottage with a garden on land (Section 10) that was owned by Reverend Baker.19

Her husband John died 26 January 1853 at the approximate age of 34, leaving her a widow. She was 3 months pregnant.20 Mary was the executrix of her husband John D. Darby's will on 26 January 1853. To his brother Thomas he left all of his real estate and personal effects, after payment of his debts and funeral expenses. He also stated that his "beloved wife" Mary was to enjoy the "use and benefits" of the property held jointly with his brother Thomas, namely half of Sections 628 and 801, as well as half of the allotments in Albert Town [Alberton] and Carrington Street, Adelaide. This share was to then pass to their children. He also wished Mary to have access to the reaping and winnowing machines along with "all the corn, hay, five horses with harness cart", as well as the leases of sections of 9, 10 and 90 owned by Reverend Edward Baker. John was to die later the same day..21

The will of her husband John D. Darby, in which Mary Leonard was named sole executrix was probated on 4 April 1853.21 Mary took in horses to graze on the property; her and a Mr. R. E. Tapley were the contact people. This probably referred to Richard Edward Tapley, a member of the extended family.22

Mary and John D. Darby became the parents of Mary Elizabeth Darby on Saturday, 23 July 1853 at Adelaide. Her father had died before she was born.23,24

In 1854 Mary was assessed for rates of £15 for holding a cottage.25 She witnessed her daughter Mary Elizabeth Darby's death on 23 June 1855 at Morphett Vale, South Australia. Mary was a month short of her second birthday.26

By 1856, Edward and Ruth had sold the majority of their land (Section 20) retaining a fifth, 40 acres. Part of Section 10 was leased to her niece, the widow Mary Darby (on the south-west corner of what is now Doctors and Panalatinga Roads).27,28

Mary leased Section 720 to Messrs Clayton abnd Bennet for two years.28

Mary emigrated with her two young sons from Port Adelaide, South Australia, on 16 March 1857 on the the 'George Canning'. They departed 4 years after the death of her husband.29,30,31 Mary arrived at London before 22 August 1857.29,31



She was recorded as head of household in the 1861 census at Hatherlow Road, Hatherlow, Stockport, Cheshire. Mary Leonard's age was recorded as being 42, but she was almost certainly at least 2 years older than this. Also in the household was her mother, a servant and a gardener.32 Her occupation was recorded as being 'a landed proprietor' in the census.32

Mary died on 7 June 1861 at Hatherlow, Stockport, Cheshire, of pulmonary phthisis.. She was recorded as being aged 44.33

Timeline

DateEventPlace
Family
Family
1816BirthRugeley, Staffordshire4,5
2,3
1816BaptismRugeley, Staffordshire4
1844Note memo only CR CR
1845Emigratn-newLondon9,10
1845Immigratn-newPort Adelaide, South Australia9
Note memo only CR CR11
1848Marriagethe schoolroom, in Morphett Vale, South Australia12,2,13
1848Married Name1
Note memo only CR CR19
1853Note memo onlyMorphett Vale, South Australia22
1854Note memo only CR CR25
Note memo only CR CR28
1857Emigratn-newPort Adelaide, South Australia29,30,31
1857Immigratn-newLondon29,31
1861Census (Eng) 1861Hatherlow Road, Hatherlow, Stockport, Cheshire32
1861Occupation32
1861DeathHatherlow, Stockport, Cheshire33

Family

John D. Darby (c 1817-26 Jan 1853)
Children

Citations

  1. [S453] Family History South Australia (http://www.familyhistorysa.info/) http://www.familyhistorysa.info/colonists.html birth of James Darby 18/5/1851.
  2. [S239] The Adelaide Times, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 27 Nov. 1848 p.2.
  3. [S412] National Census for England, 1871 (online image) Registration district: Stockport, Sub-registration district:      Marple, Piece: 3650, Folio:125,
    Page Number: 10.
  4. [S410] International Genealogical Index (IGI) Rugley, Stafford, England: Indexing project (batch) number: C01021-2, system origin: England-ODM, source film number: 435832.
  5. [S397] National Census for England, 1841 (online image) Registration district: Chorlton, Sub-registration district: Hulme, Piece: 583, Book: 17, Folio: 11, Page Number: 14.
  6. [S542] The Staffordshire Advertiser, Stafford, Staffordshire, England, Saturday 03 March 1827 p.1.
  7. [S659] Parish Registers for Armitage Independent, Piece 3291: Armitage (Independent), 1821-1837.
  8. [S397] National Census for England, 1841 (online image) Registration district: Chorlton, Sub-registration district: Hulme, Piece: 583, Book: 17, Folio: 11, Page Number: 14 (http://search.ancestry.com.au/Browse/view.aspx).
  9. [S532] Bound for South Australia (http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/fh/passengerlists/…) http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/fh/passengerlists/1845Templar.htm
  10. [S244] The South Australian Register, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 1845 'The South Australian Register. ADELAIDE: Saturday, November 18, 1845.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 26 November, p. 3, viewed 23 April, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27451403
  11. [S882] Pioneers Association of South Australia Inc (http://www.pioneerssa.org.au/) Early SA History - http://www.pioneerssa.org.au/early_sa_history.html
  12. [S7] South Australia, Marriage Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages Vol. 40 p.367.
  13. [S1303] Kelly Dyer, Manuscript, 2021 p.158.
  14. [S1304] Flickr (https://www.flickr.com) https://www.flickr.com/photos/82134796@N03/49576466932.
  15. [S1306] Robert James Randall Donley The Golden Harvest - A History of the Southern Vales 1836-1880 p.217.
  16. [S6] South Australia, Death Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages District of Adelaide No.592.
  17. [S393] National Census for England, 1881 (online image) Township of Little Bolton, Municipal Borough of Bolton, West Ward, p.43.
  18. [S5] South Australia, Birth Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages 1851 Vol. 3 P.222.
  19. [S1303] Kelly Dyer, Manuscript, 2021 p.18.
  20. [S541] The Hertford Mercury and Reformer, Hertford, Hertfordshire, England, 'Deaths' 09 Jul 1853.
  21. [S1311] South Australia, Will and Probate Records www.familysearch.org, (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:7Q8P-7MPZ : 26 September 2019), John Darby, 26 Jan 1853; citing Will, South Australia, Australia, Probate and Administration Books, Supreme Court of South Australia, Adelaide; FHL microfilm 103140258.
  22. [S244] The South Australian Register, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 1853 'Advertising.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 20 June, p. 1, viewed 11 February, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article38461957
  23. [S5] South Australia, Birth Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages 1853 Vol. 4 p.182.
  24. [S453] Family History South Australia (http://www.familyhistorysa.info/) http://www.familyhistorysa.info/colonists.html birth of Mary Darby 23 Jul 1853.
  25. [S1306] Robert James Randall Donley The Golden Harvest - A History of the Southern Vales 1836-1880 p.360.
  26. [S6] South Australia, Death Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages Vol 3 p.150.
  27. [S1042] E-mails from Pat Allen Cheryl Anderson to Tim Hill, 2018- 'Fwd: Hillside House' - 11 Jul 2018, 17:44.
  28. [S1303] Kelly Dyer, Manuscript, 2021 p.214.
  29. [S244] The South Australian Register, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 1857 'SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 17 March, p. 2, viewed 27 February, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article49765969
  30. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 1926 'OBITUARY.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), 7 July, p. 17, viewed 7 February, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article46527253
  31. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 1941 'OBITUARY.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954), 16 May, p. 8, viewed 10 February, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article45004780
  32. [S398] National Census for England, 1861 (online image) Class: RG 9; Piece: 2559; Folio: 45; Page: 4; GSU roll: 542990 (http://search.ancestry.com.au/Browse/View.aspx).
  33. [S400] General Register Office, England - Death Certificate, Certified copy of an entry in a Register of Deaths, June 1861 Vol.8a p.13.