Edward Smith1

#124, (19 November 1884-26 June 1961)
FatherWalter Thomas Smith (11 Sep 1851-19 Mar 1930)
MotherLucy Deane (c 1859-May 1943)
ChartsDeane Family - descendants
Manthorpe Family - descendants
Read family - descendants
Smith family - descendants
Last Edited13 Mar 2019
Edward Smith on his wedding day(?) c1914
     NOTE: The information on this page is my research to date and is subject to change as I become better informed. I very much welcome any corrections or additional info you might have - my email address is at the bottom of this page. Whilst historical facts are not copyright, my writing about these facts are. If you wish to use any text from this site on Ancestry or on any other website, please ask me first - Tim Hill.
+ + + + + + + + + +


Edward was born on Wednesday, 19 November 1884 at the Adelaide suburb of Parkside.2 He was the son of Walter Thomas Smith and Lucy Deane. He presumably lived with his parents at Cape Borda, Kangaroo Island, South Australia, in August 1898.3

The Smith family hosted a social evening at their house at Cape Borda, Kangaroo Island, South Australia for the Cape Borda Christian Endeavor Society, and the three girls and two of the men contributed songs and recitations.4 Jim and his brothers Edward and Arthur had their photos taken together c1905.

On Saturday, 18 January 1908 the Smith family departed Harvey's Return, in Cape Borda, Kangaroo Island, South Australia for their annual holidays. On their journey to Adelaide, a large bushfire was observed on the island.5 He presumably lived with his parents at Kongorong, South Australia, in August 1912.6 Edward Smith was a farmer working for Frank Uphill at Kongorong, South Australia.7,8

Edward Smith married Ivy Constance Uphill, daughter of Frank R. Uphill, on Monday, 13 July 1914 at Mt. Gambier, South Australia. They were 29 and 20 respectively.9
Connie and Edward on their wedding day
Source: Alan Pycroft
Edward Smith was a farmer with his father-in-law.10

Edward's brother Arthur began military service on Thursday, 14 October 1915 with the Light Horse at age 21.11 Edward Smith was described as a Methodist.12

Edward Smith began military service on Monday, 17 April 1916 with the 2nd Depot Battalion at age 31. His service number was 2031.13 He was described as 5 foot 6 inches tall, weighing 57 pounds. His complexion was described as mid-fair, with blue eyes and light brown hair. in April 1916.12

Edward left South Australia on 12 July 1916 on the 'Princess Victoria'.14 He disembarked at Plymouth on Saturday, 9 September 1916.14 Edward was sent to hospital in Etaples, France, staying there for about 2 and a half weeks for an unknown reason.15

Edward was taken on strength with the B Company 48th Battalion of the Australian Army on 16 February 1917. The 48th Battalion was half Gallipoli veterans from the 16th Battalion, and half new recruits, mainly from regional South Australia and Western Australia. The Australian War Memorial notes that the 48th "became known as the "Joan of Arc" (the Maid of Orleans) battalion because it was "made of all Leanes" - it was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Ray Leane, his brother was the adjutant, and several other relatives were scattered throughout the battalion."16,17,10,8 Edward was At this time, the 48th Battalion were in the vicinity of Bernafay Wood, France, with some of the unit in Townsville Camp and the rest on the front line in 'Bull's Trench', perhaps named after the Battalion commander, Lt. Col Raymond 'The Bull' Leane.18,19

Edward was reported missing on Wednesday, 11 April 1917 at Reincourt, The Somme, France, having been captured by the Germans in The First Battle of Bullecourt. According to the Australian War Memorial, "The attack was hastily planned and mounted and resulted in disaster. Tanks which were supposed to support the attacking Australian infantry either broke down or were quickly destroyed. Nevertheless, the infantry managed to break into the German defences. Due to uncertainty as to how far they had advanced, supporting artillery fire was withheld, and eventually the Australians were hemmed in and forced to retreat. The two brigades of the 4th Division that carried out the attack, the 4th and 12th, suffered over 3,300 casualties; 1,170 Australians were taken prisoner - the largest number captured in a single engagement during the war."

Edward had sustained bullet wounds to his shoulder, left hand and left buttock. The men of the 48th Battalion suffered heavily; of the 750 men, more than 430 were lost on this day.20,21,19 On 21 April 1917 Edward was apparently sent to a German hospital (Lazarett) perhaps run by the Jesuits and then to the Gefangenenlager (prisoner of war camp) for Mannschaftslager (enlisted men) at Hameln, Germany.22 The news of Edward's capture by the Germans reached home Thursday, 17 May 1917.23,10,24
Hameln prisoner of war camp
Source: Europeana collections
https://www.europeana.eu/portal/de/record/2020601/contributions_1734.html)


Edward A contemporary source described the camp at Hameln, Germany:

Shortly after the outbreak of the First World War, Hameln was one of the first cities in the German Reich where a prisoner of war camp was built. On the so-called large parade ground on the slope over today's Reimerdeskamp, wooden barracks were built where the first captured Belgians and Frenchmen, later also Englishmen, were quartered. For the population of Hamelin, the camp soon became a popular destination for Sunday walks. A French-language camp newspaper reported on the program of the camp orchestra and the schedule of football tournaments held in camps. This, in Germany still young sport, was played with enthusiasm at the suggestion of the English and Scottish prisoners in the camp.

In autumn 1914 the first Russian prisoners arrived in the camp. They were quartered separately from the other prisoners, as there had been cases of cholera among them. Soon, this infectious disease prevailed in the camp and in unfavorable winds, the smell of chlorine from the disinfection was to be perceived in the city. In the city, the drinking water had to be boiled. Cholera claimed many victims among the often malnourished Russian soldiers. Unlike their English, French and Belgian fellow prisoners, the Russians did not receive any parcels from their homes via the Red Cross.

In 1917, the cemetery on Wehl was consecrated by clergymen of different denominations. The site was "in a very dignified manner" decorated with a widely visible monument, a wooden cross for liturgical activities and tree planting, as German officers, officials and prisoners inaugurated the cemetery. Of the up to 10,000 prisoners in the camp, many men here, far from home and separated from their families, were to find their last rest.

In the camp, the prisoners could use their own means of payment. However, in order to deprive them of the possibility of spending their money outside the camp, their own allowance was created. However, on occasion, city leave for individual prisoners or groups was arranged; they used it to get groceries and liquor and to sell or trade home-made clothing, even though it was forbidden, as well as visiting public pubs, cinemas and theaters.25

According to Red Cross records, Edward was transferred from the Gefangenenlager at Douai, France.26 He was then taken to the Gefangenenlager at Dülmen, Germany.26 News was received on Wednesday, 20 June 1917 that Edward was severely wounded and was a prisoner of war in Germany.23,10 Edward was transferred to Stammlager (base camp) Preußisch Holland, a large camp with 15,000 POWs, with up to 35,000 assigned to various work camps. Edward was perhaps assigned to Osterode, a locomotive works.26

It seems that Walter and Lucy's land at Kongorong, South Australia was forfeited under a Closer Settlement Agreement due to non-payment of arrears (the newspaper incorrectly states that this applied to Section 696; the Smiths held Section 496). This land was then noted as an 'abandoned block' and made available for selection 4th of September 1919. It was then granted to their son Edward in January 1920.27,28,29,30

A message was conveyed from Edward via the Red Cross saying "I have not received any invalid parcels yet but am looking forward to them. My wounds are not too bad now and I am fairly well."26 Edward was repatriated to Hull, Yorkshire on Wednesday, 1 January 1919, a good start to the year.15 News was received on February 1919 that Edward had been retrurned to England.23,10 He was granted three months leave on Tuesday, 6 May 1919 for the 'reason of agriculture', probably as compensation for his time as a prisoner.31 He was emplyed on 7 May 1919 at F. Eliott & Sons 74 High Street, in Barnstaple, Devon.31 He returned to his unit on 8 August 1919.31

Edward returned to Australia on 19 August 1919 at age 34.31 He was released from active duty on 27 November 1919.31 Edward lived in March 1930 at Mt. Gambier, South Australia.1

His father died 19 March 1930 at the age of 78. Edward was aged 45 when this happened.3233
The whole Smith family.
Source: Alan Pycroft


His mother died May 1943 at the approximate age of 84. Edward was aged 58 when this happened.

Edward died on 26 June 1961 at age 76.33

Timeline

DateEventPlace
Family
1884Birththe Adelaide suburb of Parkside2
OccupationKongorong, South Australia7,8
1914MarriageMt. Gambier, South Australia9
Connie and Edward on their wedding day
Source: Alan Pycroft
Occupation10
1916Religion12
1916Occupation-hide13
1916Description12
1916MilitaryPlymouth14
1916MilitaryEtaples, France15
MilitaryBernafay Wood, France18,19
1917MilitaryGefangenenlager, in Hameln, Germany22
1917MilitaryReincourt, The Somme, France23,10,24
Quotation type 1Hameln, Germany25
1917MilitaryDouai, France26
1917MilitaryDülmen, Germany26
1917MilitaryGermany23,10
1917Military26
1919MilitaryHull, Yorkshire15
1919MilitaryEngland23,10
1919Military31
1919OccupationF. Eliott & Sons 74 High Street, in Barnstaple, Devon31
1919Military31
1919Mlt return to Aust31
1919Military Discharge31
1930ResidenceMt. Gambier, South Australia1
1961Death33

Family

Ivy Constance Uphill (15 Sep 1893-18 Jul 1976)
Children

Citations

  1. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, Obituary, 31 March 1930 p.9.
  2. [S5] South Australia, Birth Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages Vol 339 p.426 (District of Adelaide).
  3. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 1898 'CHURCH INTELLIGENCE.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), 17 August, p. 6. , viewed 03 Feb 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article29415708
  4. [S243] The Adelaide Observer (later The Observer), Adelaide, South Australia, 1898 'COUNTRY NEWS.', Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904), 20 August, p. 12. , viewed 04 Feb 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article162328002
  5. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 1908 'MARINE BOARD'S ANNUAL INSPECTION.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), 21 January, p. 8. , viewed 05 Feb 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5121972
  6. [S458] The Register (Adelaide), Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 1912 'Family Notices', The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), 11 September, p. 10. , viewed 07 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article58596616
  7. [S1058] The Border Watch, Mt. Gambier, South Australia, Australia, 1917 'SOUTH-EASTERN SOLDIERS.', The South Eastern Times (Millicent, SA : 1906 - 1954), 18 May, p. 2. , viewed 07 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article200034927
  8. [S1026] Manthorpe website (http://www.manthorpe.org.uk/modules/news/article.php).
  9. [S7] South Australia, Marriage Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages Vol.260 p.130.
  10. [S1058] The Border Watch, Mt. Gambier, South Australia, Australia, 1917 'AUSTRALIAN IMPERIAL FORCES.', Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), 23 June, p. 5. , viewed 06 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77665997
  11. [S1088] Australia, World War I Military Service Records, 1939-1945 Ancestry.com, (http://ancestry.com.au) Arthur Smith.
  12. [S1088] Australia, World War I Military Service Records, 1939-1945 Ancestry.com, (http://ancestry.com.au) Edward Smith p.3.
  13. [S1088] Australia, World War I Military Service Records, 1939-1945 Ancestry.com, (http://ancestry.com.au) Edward Smith p.1.
  14. [S1088] Australia, World War I Military Service Records, 1939-1945 Ancestry.com, (http://ancestry.com.au) Edward Smith p.11.
  15. [S1088] Australia, World War I Military Service Records, 1939-1945 Ancestry.com, (http://ancestry.com.au) Edward Smith p.12.
  16. [S664] Australian War Memorial (http://www.awm.gov.au/) https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/U51488
  17. [S1088] Australia, World War I Military Service Records, 1939-1945 Ancestry.com, (http://ancestry.com.au) Edward Smith p.4.
  18. [S664] Australian War Memorial (http://www.awm.gov.au/) AWM4 23/65/13 - February 1917; Australian Imperial Force unit war diaries, 1914-18 War; - AWM4 Subclass 23/65 - 48th Infantry Battalion https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/C1344830?image=3
  19. [S415] Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raymond_Leane
  20. [S1088] Australia, World War I Military Service Records, 1939-1945 Ancestry.com, (http://ancestry.com.au) Edward Smith p.27.
  21. [S664] Australian War Memorial (http://www.awm.gov.au/) https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/E84354
  22. [S1088] Australia, World War I Military Service Records, 1939-1945 Ancestry.com, (http://ancestry.com.au) Edward Smith p.30.
  23. [S458] The Register (Adelaide), Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 1917 'BIOGRAPHICAL.', The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), 25 June, p. 6. , viewed 07 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59138102
  24. [S1058] The Border Watch, Mt. Gambier, South Australia, Australia, 1917 'AUSTRALIAN IMPERIAL FORCES.', Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), 23 May, p. 4. , viewed 07 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77665138
  25. [S1091] Interessantes aus der Geschichte der Stadt Hameln und iher Umgebung (http://www.hamelner-geschichte.de/index.php?id=59).
  26. [S1092] Australian Red Cross,"Australian Red Cross Wounded and Missing Files," Personal file, Wounded and Missing servicemen . Currently held by Australian War Memorial, Treloar Crescent, Campbell, Australian Capital Territory Smith, Edward; Service Number: 2031; Unit: 48th Australian Infantry Battalion; Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918.
  27. [S1058] The Border Watch, Mt. Gambier, South Australia, Australia, 1917 'THE GOVERNMENT GAZETTE', Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), 30 November, p. 1. , viewed 07 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77670752 ("Land Forfeited.-Perpetual lease of Sees. 564 and 506, Hd. of Binnum, held by J. McLay, for non-payment'of rent.
    Closer settlement agreement of Sec. 696, Hd. Kongorong, held by W. T. Smith, for non-payment of arrears.).
  28. [S1058] The Border Watch, Mt. Gambier, South Australia, Australia, 1920 'THE GOVERNMENT GAZETTE.', Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), 9 January, p. 2. , viewed 07 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77742146
  29. [S1059] The Narracoorte Herald, Narracoorte, South Australia, Australia, 1920 'FRIDAY, JANUARY 16. 1920.', The Narracoorte Herald (SA : 1875 - 1954), 16 January, p. 2. , viewed 07 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article147107537
  30. [S1058] The Border Watch, Mt. Gambier, South Australia, Australia, 1919 'THE GOVERNMENT GAZETTE.', Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), 19 September, p. 1. , viewed 07 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77753342
  31. [S1088] Australia, World War I Military Service Records, 1939-1945 Ancestry.com, (http://ancestry.com.au) Edward Smith p.5.
  32. [S489] The Advertiser and Register (Adelaide, South Australia), Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 19 Mar 1931 p.8.
  33. [S975] E-mails from Alan Pycroft to Tim Hill, 2017- 'Re: Walter Thomas Smith' - 28 June 2017 at 20:50.