Walter Thomas Smith

#73, (16 May 1851-19 March 1930)
FatherJames Smith (c 1818-Mar 1900)
MotherLydia Manthorpe1 (11 May 1817-c Mar 1911)
ChartsDeane Family - descendants
Manthorpe Family - descendants
Read family - descendants
Smith family - descendants
Mike Hill - ancestors
Walter Thomas Smith c1899 (http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article54578121)
     NOTE: The information on this page is my research to date and is subject to change as I become better informed. I very much welcome any corrections or additional info you might have - my email address is at the bottom of this page - Tim Hill.
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Walter was born on Friday, 16 May 1851 at Great Yarmouth, Norfolk.2,3,4 He was the son of James Smith and Lydia Manthorpe.1

He was recorded as living with his parents and his brothers James, George, Marston, Arthur, Horatio, Edward and Alfred in the 1861 census at 33 Market Road, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk. He was recorded as being 9 years of age.1 Walter Thomas Smith was a sailor (specifically a sailmaker) and spent the early part of his life at sea circa 1870.5,6 Walter arrived at Port Adelaide, South Australia, circa 1876. he was a crew member and apparently jumped ship.5,6

Walter was employed by the firm of Messrs. G. P. Harris, Scarfe and Co. (a major supplier of a broad range of household, agricultural and industrial items as well as manufacturer of leather goods such as saddles), and remained with them for 12 years. circa 1877.5

He married Lucy Deane, daughter of Alexander Charles Deane and Ann Dunne, at Trinity Church on Monday, 29 December 1879 at Adelaide.7,8 At this time his occupation was given as a labourer.9 Walter, aged 29 and Lucy Deane became the parents of Elbertha Smith on Thursday, 30 September 1880 at the Adelaide suburb of Gilberton.10 At this time his occupation was given as a sail maker.11 Walter, aged 30 and Lucy Deane became the parents of James Smith on Tuesday, 11 October 1881 at Gilberton.12 Walter Thomas Smith was a tentmaker in 1884.13 Walter, aged 33 and Lucy Deane became the parents of Edward Smith on Wednesday, 19 November 1884 at the Adelaide suburb of Parkside.14 Walter, aged 37 and Lucy Deane became the parents of Lillian Smith on Thursday, 24 May 1888 at Parkside.15
Tipara Reef lighthouse
Source: National Archives of Australia (Image no. : A6247, A52/1)


Walter was employed by the lighthouse service as a fourth lighthouse keeper at Tipara Lighthouse, in Tipara Reef, 14km from Port Hughes, South Australia, on 25 March 1890. His annual salary was £100, increased by £10 the following year..16,17

The life of a lighthouse keeper was described in a contemporary newspaper item:
One may conjecture concerning the life of the lightkeeper, but the full significance of his lot cannot be accurately grasped; only experience can demonstrate this. The pretty general idea is that it is lonesome, monotonous, and desolate. So it is, but a good deal more beside. Apart altogether from the many lonely hours spent in attendance on the light the position of the lightkeeper carries with it numerous other duties. Indeed, he is a veritable jack-of-all-trades; but unlike the old adage, he is at least a master of a good many of them. The daily routine is as comprehensive as it is varied, and includes cleaning, painting, repairing, roadmaking, driving, signalling, and taking observations as to the state of the weather, sea, sky, and temperature, and reading barometer. Observations are made every two hours. Before sundown the head keeper visits the lantern, and having satisfied himself that everything is ready, the lighting-up process is proceeded with directly the sun dips. As might be supposed, a good deal of care has to be exercised in the operation. The headkeeper remains in attendants until 10 p.m., when be is relieved by a second keeper, but during the night he unexpectedly visits the lantern to see if things are working smoothly. The second keeper takes watch from 10 to 2 a.m., and then the third keeper assumes charge. He remains until sunrise, extinguishes the light, and covers the lantern, throughout the day the men are employed in watches about the station, and there is much work to do.18

Inside a lighthouse of the same type as Tipara Reef
Source: Tim Hill collection
Inside a lighthouse of the same type as Tipara Reef
Source: Tim Hill collection
Walter was then employed as the third lighthousekeeper at Althorpe Island, South Australia, on 1 May 1891. His salary was increased substantially to £150.16 Walter, aged 40 and Lucy Deane became the parents of Lucy Smith on Saturday, 16 April 1892 at Parkside.19 Walter was then employed as the third lighthousekeeper at Troubridge Island Lighthouse, in Troubridge Island, South Australia, on 1 March 1893. His salary was increased to £130. He was delivered to his new place of service by the 'Govenor Musgrave'..16,20,21 For unclear reasons, his salary was reduced to £120.16

Walter, aged 42 and Lucy Deane became the parents of Arthur Smith on Friday, 20 April 1894 at Yorketown, South Australia.22,13 In August 1895 Walter caught a rare skua gull at Troubridge Island, South Australia and sent it's body to the Adelaide museum where it was mounted.23 His salary was increased to £150.16 Walter was then employed as the second lighthousekeeper at Cape Borda Lighthouse, in Kangaroo Island, South Australia, on 19 March 1896. His salary was increased by a 'telegraph allowance'.16

A meting of the Cape Borda Christian Endeavor Union was held at the Smith house, and Elbertha, Lillian and Lucy were all involved (and one was elected treasurer.)24 Walter and Lucy lived in August 1898 at Cape Borda, Kangaroo Island, South Australia.24 A meeting of the Cape Borda Undenominational Church was held at his house on Saturday, 17 December 1898.25
Cape Borda lighthouse c.1907
(Source: State Library of South Australia, image B11021
https://collections.slsa.sa.gov.au/resource/B+11021)


Walter Walter's exploits in rescuing some shipwreck survivors were recorded in the paper on 11 May 1899:
THE LOCH SLOY.
COMPLETE PARTICULARS.
DEEDS OF DEVOTION
HOW THE WRECK OCCURRED.
SOME GRAPHIC DETAILS.
The wreck of the Loch Sloy was the subject of general comment on Wednesday, and the utmost anxiety was manifested concerning the fate of the missing passenger, Mr. Kilpalrick, who was left by his companions some days ago at a waterhole within about three miles of the spot where the disaster occurred. The energetic and resourceful second keeper of the Cape Borda lighthouse, Mr. W. T. Smith. set out from the station to look for him at a very early hour on Wednesday, taking as a companion the courageous youth, George May, who brought the first news of the wreck to Cape Borda. Some comfort in the melancholy story of death and privation has been gained from the contemplation of the heroism aud devotion displayed by many of those persons whose names have been prominently mentioned in connection with the sad catastrophe. Captain Nichol as well as all his officers and the members of his crew, appear to have been cool and collected throughout the whole of the short but trying ordeal between the striking of the barque and her final destruction, while the passengers also bore themselves well in the terrible hour of trial. The survivors, also, displayed great loyalty towards each other, and in the midst of their tribulations they acted as only brave and high-spirited men could, although one of their number is a mere youth. The residents of Kangaroo Island deserve commendation, like-wise, for the promptitude with which they organised search expeditions and put themselves at the disposal of Captain Creaswell, who was organising the preparations for the relief of any survivors who might be found wandering in the thick scrub near the scene of the wreck, which is now known to have occurred at a cliffy point on the west coast, within 3 1/2 miles of Cape Couedie- To all the willing volunteers who offered their services to scour the woods and the coast it was not permitted to be of real service in the work of rescue, but the credit of good intentions must still be accorded to them. The chief praise in this respect has fittingly been given to the lightkeepers at Cape Borda, !or not only did they show prompt presence of mind in the hour of need but their efforts resulted in the salvation of Messrs. Mitchell and Simpson, two of the four known survivors of the disaster. Mr. Kopp, the head keeper, was unable to leave the light, but he had a most efficient and enthusiastic subordinate in Mr. Smith, the second keeper, who cheerfully faced the tough rocky tracks and the densely-growing scrub in order to push his way southwards in the direction whence the wanderers were travelling. Words can give no idea of the difficulty of the country to be traversed, with its sharp flinty rocks, its labyrinth of tree trunks, and its thick undergrowth. Well equipped with stores likely to be of service to those he sought, but which greatly hampered him in his progress, Mr. Smith pushed steadily on, and his reward was that it was granted to him to be the saviour of two at least of the shipwrecked men he sought. He tended them with great kindness and skill, and without a murmur made his way back to the lighthouse for assistance when it was found that they could not get to Cape Borda with his help alone. It was dark by the time his task was done, yet in the early light of Wednesday morning he had started again to search for the fourth of the survivors. The Marine Board, it is good to know, have recognised the devotion and humanity of the lighthouse staff by a special telegram of thanks. Mr. George May. the plucky youth of 15, who, notwithstanding the roughness of the way, persevered in his journey through Monday night so as to give early news of the wreck to Cape Borda and the outside world, is also worthy of particular and hearty commendation.26

Walter received hearty praise for his efforts to locate the missing passengers.27 Walter walked for 30 miles with scant provisions in search of the missing passengers.28
Cottages of the 2nd and 3rd Lighthousekeepers, Cape Borda c1910
(source: State Library of South Australia, image B 8423
https://collections.slsa.sa.gov.au/resource/B+8423)
On 15 May 1899 Walter and George May left on horseback to search for the missing passenger, Kilpatrick.29 As part of the search for survivors, Walter made a brave descent of a 150 foot cliff in bad weather on a rope attached to a crowbar wedged into the cliffs.30,31,32,33 The body of Kilpatrick was found badly decomposed at Rocky River, Kangaroo Island, South Australia.34 Walter was employed It was when he was stationed at Cape Borda in 1899 that the barque Loch Sloy struck the rocks and foundered on the south coast of Kangaroo Island. On receiving the news of the disaster Mr. Smith set out in search of the survivors. He was successful in finding two, Messrs. Simpson and Mitchell, both men being in a very bad way having spent two weeks wandering in the bush without food or boots. After rescuing the two unfortunate men he again set out and joined in the search for Kilpatrick, a passenger on the Loch Sloy who got ashore alive, and was found some weeks afterwards. He descended the cliffs at great personal risk and recovered many bodies, which were afterwards buried. at Kangaroo Island, South Australia, in June 1899.5 With the aid of a Mr. May and his sons, Walter buried the bodies of two victims of the Loch Sloy.35 Walter was then employed as the second lighthousekeeper at Lowly Point Lighthouse, in Point Lowly, South Australia, on 1 March 1902.16 Walter was then employed as the second lighthousekeeper at Penquin Island Lighthouse, in Penquin Island, Beachport, South Australia, on 9 November 1903.16 Walter was then employed as the head lighthousekeeper and keeper of the semaphore jetty lights at Port Adelaide Lighthouse, in Port Adelaide, South Australia, on 11 June 1904. His salary was increased to £160 and he was paid an allowance in lieu of quarters.16
Cape Borda Lighthousekeepers J. Kopp, Walter Smith and J. Tolley
(source: State Library of South Australia, image https://collections.slsa.sa.gov.au/resource/PRG+280/1/15/268
https://collections.slsa.sa.gov.au/resource/PRG+280/1/15/268)
Walter was then employed in the place he was four years ago, but now head lighthousekeeper and postal officer at Kangaroo Island, South Australia, on 1 July 1906. He was initially paid £180 rising in 1908 to £210.16

On 27 April 1910 Walterwas allocated 635 acres (nearly a square mile) of crown land at Kongorong, South Australia (section 496) seven miles west of the town for £1349.36,13

He retired from the lighhouse service in 1911.16

His mother died circa March 1911 at the approximate age of 93.

On Saturday, 18 November 1911, Walter was told that his application for a loan of £112 for wire netting for vermin control was rejected because the application needed to be made before the money was spent.37 Walter (and presumably his spouse Lucy) lived in August 1912 at Kongorong, South Australia.38
Section 496, Hundred of Kongorong
(source: State Library of South Australia
https://www.flickr.com/photos/state_library_south_australia/22899294929/in/album-72157659241506691/)


Walter chaired a 'patriotic meeting and social' held in the Council Chamber, in Kongorong, South Australia on Wednesday, 30 September 1914 and spoke in sympathy of the Belgians who were suffering in the War. The group then sang 'God Save the King' and attended a euchre party and dance. The Smith family contributed 10 shillings to the Belgian Relief Fund.39 He was a farmer in the South-East after leaving the lighthouse service in 1910 circa 1915.5

On Friday, 10 September 1915 it is likely that Walter and Lucy attended the retirement function of Mr. J Hilton, head keeper at Cape Bank Lighthouse.40

Walter and presumably Lucy attended an Australia Day celebration on Friday, 28 July 1916 (held on that date in 1916) that went through out the day, ending in an evening concert. He contributed 10 shillings.41 His son Edward was a private with the AIF in France.42,13

Walter made a speech on Saturday, 17 March 1917 in support of some wounded local soliders that had returned home.43 News was received on Thursday, 17 May 1917 that his son Edward was missing, and had been missing since 11th April.44,42,45 News was received on Wednesday, 20 June 1917 that his son Edward was severely wounded and was a prisoner of war in Germany.44,42

Walter hosted an entertaining surprise party for Mr Uphill who had enlisted.46

Walter was a Justice of the Peace.39,47

It seems that Walter and Lucy's land at Kongorong, South Australia was forfeited under a Closer Settlement Agreement due to non-payment of arrears (the newspaper incorrectly states that this applied to Section 696; the Smiths held Section 496). This land was then noted as an 'abandoned block' and made available for selection 4th of September 1919. It was then granted to their son Edward in January 1920.48,49,50,51

Walter wrote to the council saying that "he had been directed by the Secretary for Lands to approach the Council re poisoning the unallotted Crqwn Lands in the [Hundred] of Kongorong, and offered to supply horse and driver for the poison cart at 14/ per day." This offer was accepted.52 News was received in February 1919 that his son Edward had been returned to England.44,42 Walter Thomas Smith was retired circa 1921 at the Adelaide suburb of Magill.5,53

In 1922 Walter and Lucy purchased a house in Adelaide.13 Walter Thomas Smith and Lucy Deane celebrated their golden wedding anniversary on 29 December 1929.54 Walter and Lucy lived on 4 January 1930 at at 71 Gladstone Avenue in the Adelaide suburb of Magill.55

Walter died suddenly on 19 March 1930 at Gladstone Avenue, in Magill, South Australia, at age 78.5,56 An extensive obituary was published on 31 March 1930.57

Family

Lucy Deane (c 1859-May 1943)
Children

Citations

  1. [S398] National Census for England, 1861 (online image) Registration district: Yarmouth, Sub-registration district: Yarmouth Northern (Household schedule number:162, Piece:1193, Folio:102, Page Number:29) (http://search.ancestry.com.au/iexec).
  2. [S7] South Australia, Marriage Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages 1879 No.380036.
  3. [S5] South Australia, Birth Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages 1851 Volume 3 No. 222 (Index only).
  4. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), Obituary, 31 March 1930 p.9.
  5. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), 1930 'OBITUARY.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), 31 March, p. 9, viewed 24 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73794585
  6. [S1023] E-mails from JD to Tim Hill, 2018- 'Re: Walter Thomas SMITH and Lucy DEANE' - 10 April 2018 at 18:15.
  7. [S7] South Australia, Marriage Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages 1879 No. 380036.
  8. [S496] The Register News Pictorial (Adelaide), 1930 'Family Notices.', The Register News-Pictorial (Adelaide, SA : 1929 - 1931), 4 January, p. 8, viewed 19 October, 2014, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article54160003
  9. [S7] South Australia, Marriage Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages 1879 No. 38036.
  10. [S5] South Australia, Birth Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages Vol 248 p.395 (District of Adelaide).
  11. [S5] South Australia, Birth Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages 1881 No. 335271.
  12. [S5] South Australia, Birth Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages Vol 279 p.287 (District of Adelaide).
  13. [S1026] Manthorpe website (http://www.manthorpe.org.uk/modules/news/article.php).
  14. [S5] South Australia, Birth Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages Vol 339 p.426 (District of Adelaide).
  15. [S5] South Australia, Birth Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages Vol. 417 p.408.
  16. [S1023] E-mails from JD to Tim Hill, 2018- 'Re: Walter Thomas SMITH and Lucy DEANE' - 3 Feb 2019, 10:51 (attachment - from South Australian Parliamentry Papers).
  17. [S244] The South Australian Register, 1890 'MARINE BOARD.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 13 June, p. 6. , viewed 03 Feb 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47241604.
  18. [S244] The South Australian Register, 1899 'THE WATCHERS BY THE SEA.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 2 September, p. 4. , viewed 16 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article54579096.
  19. [S5] South Australia, Birth Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages Vol. 498 p.431.
  20. [S243] The Adelaide Observer (later The Observer), 1893 'APPOINTMENTS.', Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904), 4 March, p. 28. , viewed 03 Feb 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article160805254 (incorrectly states his name as W. A Smith).
  21. [S971] The Express and Telegraph (Adelaide, South Australia), 1893 'MINING.', The Express and Telegraph (Adelaide, SA : 1867 - 1922), 27 February, p. 2. (SECOND EDITION), viewed 03 Feb 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article208381750
  22. [S5] South Australia, Birth Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages Vol.540 p.483.
  23. [S243] The Adelaide Observer (later The Observer), 1895 'DONATIONS TO THE' MUSEUM;', Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904), 10 August, p. 33. , viewed 03 Feb 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article161825640
  24. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), 1898 'CHURCH INTELLIGENCE.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), 17 August, p. 6. , viewed 03 Feb 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article29415708
  25. [S244] The South Australian Register, 1898 'THE COUNTRY.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 19 December, p. 7. , viewed 03 Feb 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article56541589.
  26. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), 1899 'THE LOCH SLOY.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), 11 May, p. 5. , viewed 24 Apr 2018, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73222358
  27. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), 1899 'A COURAGEOUS LTGHTKEEPER.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), 10 May, p. 5. , viewed 03 Feb 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article29500824 (The second keeper, Mr. W. T. Smith, deserves great praise for his tireless efforts. He left Cape Borda equipped with every possible article necessary for his purpose, inclusive of fish-hooks and snares for catching wallabies, should he run out of provisions. He also carried ointments, bandages, tea, food, blankets, and brandy. With the aid of the fish-hooks he sewed up one of the survivors' clothes. When Mitchell saw him he cried with thankfulness. So well did Mr. Smith bind their lacerated feet that they were able to walk afterwards.).
  28. [S243] The Adelaide Observer (later The Observer), 1899 'THANKS FOR SERVICES RENDERED.', Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904), 13 May, p. 27. , viewed 03 Feb 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article162337695 (On the present occasion the dispatch of the second keeper, Mr. Smith, to search for the survivors of the Loch Sloy was characterized by promptitude and thoughtfulness. The headkeeper, Mr. Kopp, made the necessary arrangements, acting on his own initiative, and he then advised those in authority what he had done. The task set the second keeper was no light one. He had to make his way on foot through heavily timbered, rugged country for a distance of about thirty miles to where it was supposed the survivors would be found. He could not carry sufficient provisions with him to last until his return, and also to relieve the sufferers, so his pack had to include snares and other appliances for "catching" food. Then there were those little medicinal comforts which stood him in such good stead, and which betoken a woman's hand in the packing.).
  29. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), 1899 'SEARCHING FOR KILPATRICK.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), 16 May, p. 5. , viewed 03 Feb 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article29501513
  30. [S1068] The Evening Journal, 1899 'THE SEARCH FOR KILPATRICK.', Evening Journal (Adelaide, SA : 1869 - 1912), 17 May, p. 2. (ONE O'CLOCK EDITION), viewed 03 Feb 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article207920994 (M.C. Shegog. leader of his party, and Messrs. Smith, Potter, Hudson, Cock, and May, sen., went to the scene of the wreck. When they arrived there a heavy storm of rain with thunder and lightning was experienced. Mr. Smith volunteered to go over the cliff where the wreck was. He had to be lowered by a rope, which will give some idea how steep the cliff is. None of the searchers deemed it safe to go down without a rope, although McMillan volunteered on Saturday to go down. The survivors from the wreck must be expert climbers, as they went up and down this part twice. After a safe descent had been made. Smith carefully searched for any bodies, dead or alive. Not seeing anything of any consequence or value, he climbed up the cliff again, and was accorded a cheer from those on top.).
  31. [S688] The Chronicle (Adelaide), 1899 'BAFFLED SEARCHERS.', Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954), 20 May, p. 19. , viewed 03 Feb 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87200922
  32. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), 1899 'BAFFLED SEARCHERS.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), 17 May, p. 6. , viewed 03 Feb 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article29501630
  33. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), 1899 'THE SEARCH CONTINUED.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), 17 May, p. 6. , viewed 03 Feb 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article29501633
  34. [S971] The Express and Telegraph (Adelaide, South Australia), 1899 'FOLLOWING THE TRAIL.', The Express and Telegraph (Adelaide, SA : 1867 - 1922), 19 May, p. 3. (ONE O'CLOCK EDITION.), viewed 03 Feb 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article209568538 (After travelling for about half a mile Mr. Hudson called out that he had discovered the dead body of the missing man. Mr Smith was the next to view the body, and then followed Mounted-Constable Shegog and Mr. V. H.P. Cook, Mr. C. May, Mr. Buck, and blacktracker Ted. The body was lying on its left side, with its face downwards. His grey trousers were tucked up to the knees. One sock was much worn, but the other was not worn at all. The deceased had on his coat of blue serge. There were two sauce bottles and a large black bottle about five yards away. Death had apparently occurred nine or ten days before, as the body was very much decomposed. The party then went back to Rocky River, and having had dinner, sent horsemen back to get a shovel and pick to bury the body.).
  35. [S244] The South Australian Register, 1899 'THE WRECK OF THE LOCH SLOY.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 2 June, p. 4, viewed 14 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article54379966.
  36. [S1058] The Border Watch, 1910 'The Kongorong Lands.', Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), 30 April, p. 3. , viewed 06 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77470451
  37. [S1058] The Border Watch, 1911 'Benara District Council.', Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), 18 November, p. 4. , viewed 07 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77478711
  38. [S458] The Register (Adelaide), 1912 'Family Notices', The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), 11 September, p. 10. , viewed 07 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article58596616
  39. [S1058] The Border Watch, 1914 'KONGORONG.', Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), 7 October, p. 4. , viewed 06 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article80038407
  40. [S1058] The Border Watch, 1915 'KONGORONG.', Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), 15 September, p. 2. , viewed 06 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77778648
  41. [S1058] The Border Watch, 1916 'Australia Day. AT KONGORONG.', Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), 2 August, p. 4. , viewed 05 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article79773331
  42. [S1058] The Border Watch, 1917 'AUSTRALIAN IMPERIAL FORCES.', Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), 23 June, p. 5. , viewed 06 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77665997
  43. [S1058] The Border Watch, 1917 'KONGORONG.', Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), 24 March, p. 6. , viewed 05 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77663636
  44. [S458] The Register (Adelaide), 1917 'BIOGRAPHICAL.', The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), 25 June, p. 6. , viewed 07 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59138102
  45. [S1058] The Border Watch, 1917 'AUSTRALIAN IMPERIAL FORCES.', Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), 23 May, p. 4. , viewed 07 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77665138
  46. [S1058] The Border Watch, 1917 'KONGORONG.', Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), 8 August, p. 2. , viewed 05 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77667421 ("Mr. F.R.. Uphill, who has enlisted, and goes into camp shortly, was tendered a surprise party on Wednesday evening last. The Chair was occupied by Mr. W. T. Smith, and a very enjoyable evening was spent, several musical items, etc., , being rendered.
    During the evening the Chairman referred to the guest's many good qualties, his remarks being supported by other speakers. Mr. Uphiill made a suitable reply. The evening terminated with a coffee supper and the sing ing of "Auid lang syne." ").
  47. [S1058] The Border Watch, 1917 'AUSTRALIAN IMPERIAL FORCES.', Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), 16 May, p. 2. , viewed 07 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77664932
  48. [S1058] The Border Watch, 1917 'THE GOVERNMENT GAZETTE', Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), 30 November, p. 1. , viewed 07 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77670752 ("Land Forfeited.-Perpetual lease of Sees. 564 and 506, Hd. of Binnum, held by J. McLay, for non-payment'of rent.
    Closer settlement agreement of Sec. 696, Hd. Kongorong, held by W. T. Smith, for non-payment of arrears.).
  49. [S1058] The Border Watch, 1920 'THE GOVERNMENT GAZETTE.', Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), 9 January, p. 2. , viewed 07 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77742146
  50. [S1059] The Narracoorte Herald, 1920 'FRIDAY, JANUARY 16. 1920.', The Narracoorte Herald (SA : 1875 - 1954), 16 January, p. 2. , viewed 07 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article147107537
  51. [S1058] The Border Watch, 1919 'THE GOVERNMENT GAZETTE.', Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), 19 September, p. 1. , viewed 07 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77753342
  52. [S1058] The Border Watch, 1919 'DISTRICT COUNCIL OF BENARA.', Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), 14 February, p. 3. , viewed 07 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77749185
  53. [S496] The Register News Pictorial (Adelaide), 1930 'About People.', The Register News-Pictorial (Adelaide, SA : 1929 - 1931), 22 March, p. 7, viewed 24 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article53491922
  54. [S496] The Register News Pictorial (Adelaide), 1930 'Family Notices.', The Register News-Pictorial (Adelaide, SA : 1929 - 1931), 4 January, p. 8, viewed 24 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article54160003
  55. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), 28 Mar 1943 p.8.
  56. [S688] The Chronicle (Adelaide), 1930 'MR. W. T. SMITH', Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954), 3 April, p. 19. , viewed 08 Jan 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article90055882
  57. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), 1930 'OBITUARY.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), 31 March, p. 9, viewed 6 April, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73794585 ("OBITUARY
    Mr. Walter Thomas Smith, who died suddenly at Gladstone-avenue, Magill. was bom at Great Yarmouth in 1851, and spent the early part of his life on the sea. He arrived in South Australia in 1876. Mr. Smith joined the firm of Messrs. G. P. Harris Scarfe and Co.. and remained with them for 12 years. He left their employ to enter the South Australian lighthouse service, where he spent 20 years, and was stationed at most of the lighthouses on the South Australian coast. It was when he was stationed at Cape Borda in 1899 that the barque Loch Sloy struck the rocks and foundered on the south coast of Kangaroo Island. On receiving the news of the disaster Mr. Smith set out in search of the survivors. He was successful in finding two, Messrs. Simpson and Mitchell, both men being in a very bad way, having spent two weeks wandering in the bush without food or boots. After rescuing the two unfortunate man he again set out and joined in the search for Kilpatrick, a passenger on the Loch Sloy, who got ashore alive, and was found some weeks afterwards. He descended the cliffs at great personal risk and recovered many bodies, which were afterwards buried. After leaving the light service in 1910 he engaged in farming pursuits in the South-East, and latterly was living in retirement at Magill. In December 1879 he was married to Lucy Deane daughter of the late Alexander Charles Deane. There are three sons and two daughters — Mr. James Smith, of Sydney; Mr. Edward Smith, of Mount Gambler: Mr. Arthur Smith, of Mile-End: and Mrs. G. W. Richards, of Woodville, and Miss Lucy Smith.).
  58. [S2] New South Wales, Death Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages 1950 No. 8326.