William Darby

#610, (5 March 1809-1 July 1850)
FatherGeorge Darby (c 1779-4 Mar 1853)
MotherElizabeth Aylott (c 1777-Jan 1821)
ChartsAylott Family - descendants
Brett Family - descendants
Darby Family - descendants
Descendents of Richard Darby
     (For a brief history and context on the Darby family see this page)

NOTE: The information on this page is my research to date and is subject to change as I become better informed. I very much welcome any corrections or additional info you might have - my email address is at the bottom of this page - Tim Hill.
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William was born on Sunday, 5 March 1809 at Hertford.1 The city of Hertford dates back to at least 673, and was an important market town surrounded by agricultural land. From the late 16th century, it had access to the London corn markets via the River Lea.

He was the son of George Darby and Elizabeth Aylott. He was baptised at Lady Huntingdon's Connexion on Tuesday, 21 May 1811 at Hertford . William was baptised on the same day as his sister Martha.2 Lady Huntingdon's Chapel was one a series of chapels founded in the 18th century by the Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion as part of a Calvinistic movement within the Methodist church. She insisted that they should all subscribe to the doctrines of the Church of England and use only the Book of Common Prayer. It was apparently founded in 1800, and started keeping registers from 1806.

His mother died circa January 1821.3

At the age of 45 William Darby was indentured to Thomas Dew Boden as an apprentice ironmonger for a period of 7 years on 2 August 1824. William's father George had recently married Thomas Boden's sister.4 William sold his ironmongery and brazing business on 14 November 1840 to T. J. Cooper, no doubt in preparation to emigrate to South Australia to join his brothers and sister.5

He was found on a passenger list on the 'Dorset' on 18 February 1842 from Sydney to Port Adelaide, South Australia. He was bringing ironmongery for his business.6

William Darby contibutted some money towards the construction of the Torrens Bridge on 24 May 1842.7 He was active as an ironmonger in June 1842 at Birmingham and Sheffield House in Hindley Street, in Adelaide.8 He attended a public meeting against taxation on 18 August 1842 at Adelaide.9 He was found on a passenger list on 29 November 1842 from Adelaide travelling to Hobart or Sydney.10 He advertised as an ironmonger, successor to Roberts & Co. on 15 April 1843 at Adelaide.11

On an unknown place he shipped some ironmongery items to Sydney.12 He was the proprietor of the Birmingham and Sheffield Ironmongery House on 10 May 1843 at Hindley Street, in Adelaide. On 10 October 1844 he moved his business from one shop to another in Adelaide.13 He signed a memorial against the introduction of convicts to South Australia on 14 February 1845.14 He signed a petition against the introduction of royalties on 20 March 1846.15

On 9 September 1846 William sold his business to Boord Brothers, another ironmonger and became an employee of them.16 William was employed as a manager in an ironmongery (Boord Brothers) in February 1847.17 He ws a witness in a case before the Police Commissioner's Court, but who sometimes found it impossible to attend due to an 'indisposition', most likely due to an serious illness that rendered him an 'invalid'. Another newspaper report suggested that he was "suffering from debility arising from spitting of blood, and that travelling into town during the present hot weather would probably be attended with serious consequences." on 13 February 1847.18,17,19

William lived in March 1850 at Morphett Vale, South Australia.20

William died on 1 July 1850 at Morphett Vale, South Australia, at age 41. William died in the house his brothers Thomas and John shared.21,22,23


1811BaptismLady Huntingdon's Connexion, Hertford2
1842Passenger listPort Adelaide, South Australia6
1842OccupationBirmingham and Sheffield House in Hindley Street, in Adelaide8
1842Passenger list10
1843OccupationHindley Street, in Adelaide
1850ResidenceMorphett Vale, South Australia20
1850DeathMorphett Vale, South Australia21,22,23


  1. [S462] BDMRegisters.co.uk (http://www.bmdregisters.co.uk) St Andrews, Hertfordshire (RG4 / Piece _1367 / Folio 3).
  2. [S236] Parish Registers- Hertford Back Street Bethel-Lady Huntingdon, Batch/Film C066111 Serial/Sheet 0003.
  3. [S549] E-mails from Eve Mintern to Tim Hill, 2012- 22 Aug 2012.
  4. [S465] The National Archives, England Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies, (http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk) http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx
  5. [S541] The Hertford Mercury and Reformer, 'W. Darby' 14 Nov 1840 p.1.
  6. [S464] The South Australian, 18 Feb 1842 p.2.
  7. [S244] The South Australian Register, "The Torrens Bridge" - 24 May 1843 p.1.
  8. [S464] The South Australian, 1845 'Advertising.', South Australian (Adelaide, SA : 1844 - 1851), 6 June, p. 1, viewed 24 April, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71601731
  9. [S464] The South Australian, "Public Meeting" 19 Aug 1842 p.2.
  10. [S464] The South Australian, "Shipping Report" 6 Dec 1842 p.2.
  11. [S244] The South Australian Register, "Advertising" - 15 Apr 1843 p.1.
  12. [S620] The Southern Australian, 1843 'SHIPPING INTELLIGENGE. ARRIVED.', Southern Australian (Adelaide, SA : 1838 - 1844), 21 April, p. 2, viewed 24 April, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71616714
  13. [S243] The Adelaide Observer (later The Observer), 1844 'Advertising.', Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904), 2 November, p. 1, viewed 21 April, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article158919286
  14. [S464] The South Australian, 14 Feb 1845 p.2.
  15. [S464] The South Australian, "The Royalty Imposition" 20 Mar 1846 p.2.
  16. [S244] The South Australian Register, 1846 'Advertising.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 9 September, p. 1, viewed 24 April, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73843977.
  17. [S464] The South Australian, 1847 'POLICE COMMISSIONER'S COURT.', South Australian (Adelaide, SA : 1844 - 1851), 16 February, p. 5, viewed 24 April, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71607340
  18. [S244] The South Australian Register, "Law and Police Courts" - 13 Feb 1847.
  19. [S244] The South Australian Register, 1847 'POLICE COMMISSIONERS COURT.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 6 February, p. 3, viewed 24 April, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article48543803.
  20. [S244] The South Australian Register, 1850 'DECLARATION OF CONFIDENCE IN MR JOHN STEPHENS.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 7 March, p. 1 Supplement: Supplement to South Australian Register., viewed 24 April, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article38447147.
  21. [S239] The Adelaide Times, 2nd July 1850 p.3 col. A and 6 July 1850 p.3 col. A.
  22. [S6] South Australia, Death Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages Vol. 3 p. 130.
  23. [S244] The South Australian Register, Obituaries 2nd July 1850 p. 2 col. D.
  24. [S244] The South Australian Register, 1849 'RESIDENT MAGISTRATE'S COURT.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 27 October, p. 3, viewed 24 April, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article50246858.
  25. [S244] The South Australian Register, 2 Jul 1850 p.2 Col. D.