Henry Hugh Hill

#246, (circa 1827-27 July 1878)
ChartsHill family - descendents
Mike Hill - ancestors
Descendents of Henry H. Hill
Descendents of Robert Holmes (#1)
Descendents of Robert Holmes (#2)
Last Edited3 Oct 2021

Short Biography

     Henry Hugh Hill was probably born in Sheffield in about 1827 and most likely came to Australia in the 1840's, finding employment in an ironmonger's shop.

He married Bridget Holmes in 1851 when he was about 23 and they quickly had two children. Three years later they moved to Melbourne, where Henry became the manager of the firm's Melbourne shop. There they had another two children but one died young.

Eight years after leaving Sydney, Henry had left his employer, Bridget died suddenly, leaving him with three young children. He returned to Sydney and perhaps came to an arrangement with his deceased wife's family - he married one of her sisters at the age of 36.

The family moved to the pioneer town of Bowen, where he was a pillar of the community, helping establish the school and a local church. But his ironmongery business ultimately failed and he became insolvent. He seemingly left the children of his first wife (who probably returned to Sydney) and set himself up as an auctioneer in Brisbane.

He didn't last at it, and moved to Rockhampton to establish another ironmongery, but again it seems to have not succeeded. Another two children were born to his second wife, and he spent two years in Mackay, perhaps working for an accountant, but ultimately returning to Rockhampton and perhaps his wife in his final years.

He died in 1878 of chronic bronchitis at the age of 51.
     NOTE: The information on this page is my research to date and is subject to change as I become better informed. I very much welcome any corrections or additional info you might have - my email address is at the bottom of this page. Whilst historical facts are not copyright, my writing about these facts are. If you wish to use any text from this site on Ancestry or on any other website, please ask me first - Tim Hill.
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(For a brief history and context on the Holmes family - which this person is an extended member of - see this page)

(For a brief history and context on the Hill family see this page)

Henry Hugh Hill was likely born circa 1827 at Sheffield.1,2,3 Henry arrived at Australia circa 1841.



A Henry Hill was charged on Wednesday, 9 October 1844 with stealing from a drunken sailor named Harvey, and was brought before the Mayor. However, no charges were laid.4 He was employed by Messrs. Levick & Piper (later James Levick & Co.) and claimed that he worked for them for sixteen years (from, presumably 1845 to June 1861). He may have applied to an advertisment similar to the one shown. One of the founders, James Levick (1815-1853) was also from Sheffield - were their origins in the same city and the Sheffield name for ironmongry some of the reasons that Henry was hired?5,6,7
Request for Ironmongers Assistants - perhaps Henry responded to an advertisment like this.
(Sydney Morning Herald, 2nd March 1846)


In 1851, Levick's and Piper was located in 546 George Street North, in Sydney.8 Henry lived in January 1851 at George Street, in Sydney.9

He married Bridget Holmes, daughter of William Hyde Holmes and Ellen O'Donnell, at St. James' Church of England on Monday, 20 January 1851 at Sydney. She was an Irish girl, adopted daughter of a Sydney Police Inspector. Witnesses to the wedding were William Hyde Holmes and Maria Holmes.10,11 St. James was the second Anglican church in Sydney, constructed between 1819 and 1824, and in constant use between then and the present. It was completely designed and built by convict labour.12

In 1909, a Mr. Macintosh described his memory of Henry's employer:
"Levicks and Younger started business before my time on David Jones' present corner. They parted company, and Levicks joined Piper and went near to Holdsworth and Macpherson's present stand. Younger opened for himself near Bradley's late auction mart. Levlcks' and Piper's stock was the largest In the colonies. They had the largest stock of heavy goods, such as bullock chains, I have ever seen. Turner and Henderson's bulk store is now situated in their old stone building. It runs back a long way, and has a sunken story, and so has unexpected capacity. Levicks was a thorough English gentleman, big and broad, handsome and noble-minded. The very sight of him inspired all beholders with respect. But sugar lured him also away from hardware, and he lost £100,000 on a cane plantation In Fiji - at least, so he told me on his return."13

14
George Street, East side. Henry's employer is shown at the far right.
Source: City of Sydney Archives and History Resources
Henry and Bridget Holmes became the parents of their daughter Ellen Mary Hill on Thursday, 11 December 1851 at Sydney.15 Henry (and presumably his spouse Bridget) lived in December 1851 at Woolloomooloo street, in Sydney. This was a stone house with a shingle roof, valued at £26. Also living in the house was their daughter Ellen.16,1718
Henry Hill's neighbourhood from his residence (yellow, left-hand top) to his work at Levicks and Piper (green, right hand side)
Source: City of Sydney Archives and History Resources


Henry (represented by a Mr. Roberts), a tenant of Joseph Meredith, was brought to Police Court concerning unpaid rent in Sydney. The case was heard by Mr. J.S. Dowling and Dr. Huntley at the Police Office. It was alleged that the Hill family occupied it under a weekly tenancy. In turn, Henry said that he had taken residence for six months with a monthly tenancy. The rent had been raised but the family had agreed to the increased rent as the place suited them.19 Henry and Bridget Holmes became the parents of their first son Henry Hugh Hill on Wednesday, 22 June 1853 at Sydney.20,21

By 1855, Levicks and Piper had moved to 119 George Street, in Sydney, opposite Jamison Lane.22
George Street 1855
Source: State Library of New South Wales Bank of N.S. Wales, George Street, Sydney, oil on canvas, 40.8 x 55.6 cm
Henry (and presumably his spouse Bridget) lived in 1855 at 123 Princes Street, in Sydney. This house was an eight room, two storey stone house with a shingle roof with a gross annual value £150.23,24

In about 1856, Henry was promoted to manager of the Melbourne wholesale house for Messrs. Levick & Piper (now James Levick & Co.) which was located in Flinder's lane near King Street, and then later in an existing building at 46-52 King Street Melbourne.5 Henry Hugh Hill and Bridget Holmes were found on a passenger list on the the Wonga Wonga on 29 December 1855 from Sydney to Melbourne. Also on board were their two children, and a Miss Holmes, most likely one of Bridget's sisters travelling to help establish the family in a new city.25,26 Henry (and presumably his spouse Bridget) lived in 1856 at Great Bourke Street, in Melbourne.27 31 January 1856 Henry and Bridget expressed an interest in purchasing, for cash "a Five or Six Roomed House, with small piece of land for garden." the Melbourne suburb of St. Kilda However a year later the family were still living in Melbourne proper, this time in Latrobe Street.28,29
Levicks and Piper 46-52 King Street Melbourne (where Henry was apparently manager)
(Source: unknown)


Henry and Bridget Holmes became the parents of their second daughter Eliza Holmes Hill on Monday, 5 January 1857 at Melbourne.29 Henry Hugh Hill Henry was listed in a newspaper as a supporter of the Australasian Fire and Life Insurance Company on 11 June 1857 at Melbourne.30 Henry (and presumably his spouse Bridget) lived in 1858 at Latrobe Street, in Melbourne. Also in the house were likely to be his growing family of three children aged from about one to seven years. However, he also had a house in St. Kilda during this time which he claimed to live in.31 In 1858 Henry was one of a number of people who petitioned J. William MacKenna to nominate himself as Physician at the Melbourne Hospital.32

For a short while they lived in St. Kilda before trying to sell the house with the following advertisement: on 12 October 1858:

"ST. KILDA -For SALE, a neat COTTAGE, with garden in front, five rooms, storeroom, kitchen, washhouse, and servants'-room, and good-sized yard, now occupied by the owner, and situated In Princes Street, corner of Burnett-street. Apply on the premises, or to Mr. Henry Hill, 113 Flinders-lane west."33

Henry and Bridget Holmes became the parents of son Joseph Hill in March 1859 at St. Kilda. However, Joseph only lived a year.34,35,36 Henry's employer, the firm of Levicks and Piper, was dissolved on the death of Frederick Piper, and the business was carried on by James as James Levick & Co. This change might have been a contributing factor for Henry leaving their employ, as certainly within 5 weeks he was living in Ballarat.37,38

By 20 July 1861 he had negotiated to buy the business or Mr. A. R. Reed:
Mr. A.R. REED, in returning thanks for past favors, begs to inform his friends and the public generally that he has disposed of his Wholesale and Retail Ironmongery Business, situated at the corner of Sturt and Lydiard streets, to Messrs HENRY HILL & CO., for whom he solicits a continuance of the public patronage hitherto accorded to him.
All debts due to the late firm will be received hy H. Hill & Co., whose receipt will be a sufficient discharge.

Referring to the above advertisement, Messrs Henry Hill & Co'., in soliciting a continuance of the public patronage accorded to Mr A. R. Reed, beg to state that having purchased the business on very advantageous terms, they will be enabled to supply the very best quality of goods at the lowest remunerative prices. They are receiving a good assortment of FURNISHING AND BUILDERS' IRONMONGERY, AMERICAN HARDWARE, CUT and PATENT NAILS, ELECTRO-PLATED WARE, all kinds, BOILED and RAW LINSEED OIL, MANILA ROPE, BRASS, FOUNDRY. FILES, CUTLERY, DOOR MATS, &c, to which they respectfully invite the attention of the Public.
Ballarat, 20th July

Evidently the building was a wooden building on posts.39,40 On 19 September 1861 he placed an ad in the paper selling "steam engines, Cornish boilers, and all necessary fittings" at greatly reduced prices.41 He advertised in the paper to sell a safe on 18 October 1861.4243
The building likely used by H. Hill & Co, corner Lydiard and Sturt Streets, Ballarat c.1864
Source: ballaratrevealed.com
Henry lived in May 1862 at Seymour Street, in Soldiers' Hill, Ballarat.44

For reasons that are unclear (but may be related to Bridget's declining health), Henry announced: "H. HILL and CO. beg to inform Carpenters, Builders, Contractors, and others, that they are now selling off their entire stock at cost price, as they are leaving the colony in as short a time as possible". The advertisment, written on the 21st of April, then went on to list an extensive range of ironmongery.45

His wife Bridget died 7 May 1862, leaving him a widower. He was left with three children aged between 2 and 11 to support.9

By 17 May 1862 Henry had evidently had some success in selling down his business, but there was still stock to be sold: "SELLING OFF ! SELLING OFF ! SELLING OFF ! i !
H. HILL AND CO .
BEG to thank the public generally for the very extensive patronage bestowed upon them during the last three weeks, and as they must vacate the premises in 21 days, the remainder of their stock will be cleared out at a sacrifice."46

By 21 May 1862 was working hard to find someone to take over his lease:
TO LET -The Ironmongery Store, occupied by the undersigned, and situated at the corner of Sturt and Lydiard streets, the well-known business position of these premises needs no comment. The building is on land leased from the London Chartered Bank and the incoming tenant, will be required to buy the present owner's interest in the same; possession given at once. Apply on the premises to H. HILL and CO.

There is some suggestion that the London Chartered Bank ultimately demolished the wooden shop and built a stone building on the site which became their Ballarat office.47 He was found on a passenger list on 16 July 1862 from Melbourne to Sydney.48 He was found on a passenger list on 11 September 1862 from Sydney to Brisbane. He appears to have been by himself. It is possible that he took his children to Sydney to stay with one of their aunts, or their grandparents.49,50 He was found on a passenger list on the Telgraph on 30 September 1862 from Brisbane to the northern ports.51 .
St Paul's Rockhampton c.1863
(John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland, Image 117004)
He was found on a passenger list on the James Patterson on 21 August 1863 from Sydney to Rockhampton, Queensland. He was travelling with his children Ellen, Henry and Eliza; they arrived just a week before his wedding was to take place.52,53

Rockhampton in 1863 was described as rising in importance with several hotels and a club; bowling alleys and billiard rooms, two bi-weekly newspapers, a General Post Office, and a variety of merchants and workshops, and direct shipments from England.54

He married Maria Holmes, daughter of William Hyde Holmes and Ellen O'Donnell, in a Presbyterian ceremony on Tuesday, 1 September 1863 the manse next to the church on the corner of Bolsolver and Derby streets at Rockhampton, Queensland. Witnesses to the wedding were Jane Holmes and Margaret Holmes.55,56,57,58 Why were Henry and P2F married in a Presbyterian service, when the first timber Anglican Church in Rockhampton had recently been constructed, and Revered Thomas Jones was conducting services? Perhaps it was because the wedding between a widow and his deceased wife's sister may have been a practical arrangement, but it was regarded by many as deeply morally suspect within the Christian community. In the weeks leading up to the marriage, South Australia had only just made these types of marriage legal (they were still illegal in England). Further, this might be why the marriage was celebrated in the Manse, rather than in the Presbyterian Church itself, which had been constructed a year before.
The marriage was celebrated by Rev. Samuel Kelly, and the Registrar was Frank Beddek, an Anglican churchwarden and Sunday School teacher.59,60

From the time of his second marriage, his first family seem to have become somewhat removed from family life. Some or all of the children of his first marriage (Ellen, Henry and Eliza) went with him to Bowen, but apparently did not go with him when he went to Rockhampton to establish a new business. Certainly, his oldest child of his first marriage recalls visiting him in Rockhampton for 6 weeks in about 1865 when she was 14. Further, she seems to have been trained by a well-known piano teacher of Sydney. The children of his first marriage are not listed on his death certificate, nor is his first wife, Maria's sister Bridget. However, it seems that at least his son Henry was with him in Rockhampton.61,1

We don't know why he was initially attracted to Rockhampton. This growing town was the largest town north of Brisbane, and was experiencing an influx of miners on the way to the Canoona goldfields and the discovery of copper deposits nearby.62 Hischild Henry was enrolled at Rockhampton Central Boys Primary School, in Rockhampton, Queensland, on 5 October 1863.63

Maria's younger sisters Margaret and Jane stayed in Rockhampton with the new Hill family until two months after the wedding, returning in early November.64

Henry apparently made a good impression in Bowen, as outlined in the obituary of his daughter published some 50 years later:
" The deceased lady was identified with the early settlement of Bowen, soon after the separation of Queensland from New South Wales. Her widowed father, Mr. Henry Hill, arrived there with three little children, of which she was the eldest. Mr. Hill landed there when the present Bowen was nothing else but a camp of canvas huts. As he was a very progressive man, he set about to build the foundation of the present Bowen. His family tent was the first tent that had a boarded floor and wooden partitions for his family, but it was not long before he had a presentable house erected. He set about to establish schools and a church. He remained for several years in Bowen, and saw it a town of note in those days."61

Henry and Maria Holmes became the parents of daughter Alice Grace Hill circa 1864.65

A Mr. Hill played cricket on a celebration day in Port Denison, Queensland, on Thursday, 20 April 1865, and was bowled out for a duck.66

Whilst in Sydney, on 11 September 1865 he took over the ironmongery business of Messrs. Holmes and Co. a firm operating in Bowen, agreeing to take over both the debts and liabilities of the firm. This firm may have been linked to his wife's family. However, within a year he was insolvent and was required to appear in the Supreme Court in Brisbane.67,68

On 3 January 1866 Henry placed an advertisment in the newspaper listing some of the items that he was selling through his business.69 In March 1866 he sold his ironmongery business to McLeod, Ratcliffe & Co. and entered their employment, but he was apparently not paid.70

In December 1866 a William Marks claimed that he asked Henry if he would let his store in Herbert Street, Bowen to him. Apparently, Henry replied in Herbert Street that Marks never paid any rent, was a bloody rogue and would not let it to him. Marks was offended and wrote a letter to the paper, asking Henry to point out a single creditor and to state whom he had rogued. It isn't know if Henry responded to this.71 Just before his hearing (and just in time for Christmas), he was probably joined in Brisbane by his wife, son Henry and young daughter Alice. Arriving a week or so later was another daughter - probably Eliza - and a sister-in-law from Sydney.72,73

Henry drew up a 'Insolvent's Balance Sheet which showed he owed over £5,000. He was owed about £500 (mostly in bad or doubtful debts), and had given over £964 to his asignees. His biggest asset was £3,352 which was 'Property in the hands of Creditors' most likely real estate. He sid that his annual expenses for the family was £300, and that in recent years was £250. His clothes were valued at a mere £5. The total deficiency - the difference between his assets and what he owed - was a narrow £286.74

Insolvency proceeding had begun against him on 6 February 1867:
"Re Henry Hill.—ln the insolvent estate of Henry Hill, a first public sitting was held. The insolvent was present. One debt by J. B. Holdsworth, for £685 6s. 4d., was proved. The insolvent was allowed his wearing apparel, and the sitting closed. A third public sitting was appointed for Monday, 18th March."75

The Third Sitting of Henry's insolvency
The Brisbane Courier, 9th February 1867


The case proceeded further on 11 March 1867:

"Re Hill.—ln the insolvent estate of Henry Hill, a second sitting. Debts were proved by J. McEwen and Co., £23 6s. 7d., McLeod, Ratcliffe and Co., £1965 18s. 7d., and the sitting was closed."

The listing of McLeod, Ratcliffe and Co., his former employer, might account for him not being paid by them - perhaps they bailed him out with his unpaid help being part of the bargain.76

Henry indicated that he intended to apply for discharge from his insolvency on 15th April 1867.77

At a meeting at the School of Arts, in Rockhampton, Queensland, on the evening of Monday, 6 May 1867, a Mr. Hill made a well-received speech. Was this Henry speaking his mind? Or William Hill, a publican also active in public meetings and involved in the Rockhampton Separation Committee in 1870, and who died in April 1871?:
Mr. Hill, said that he had been present at every political meeting which had taken place for the last five years — there was always the same amount of talk, and smoke was the only end. He was present at the Separation meeting ; they were asked to put their shoulders to the wheel ; they did put them, and with good will, and into their pockets too (laughter). Now, what has become of the Separation movement ? Can any one tell ? What's the use of blowing and blowing, and doing nothing. If we hold meetings, they should, by their fruits, have might and effect — but now the Southern people see what these meetings are worth — they laugh at us, and pocket the money — and this was the end of doing nothing but talking. The account of this meeting will go to Brisbane ; they will only smile, and call us rowdies, hold out their bands for the cash, get it, and, spend it (laughter.) Can't any steps be taken to stop this? What's the use of saying anything about sending £6000 a month, when no means are taken to keep it here. Why don't some of the leading men go to Brisbane themselves and speak out? It was rather strange that they should talk about lessening expenditure, and in the same breath ask for an extension of the line to the Dawson. There are quite enough railways already. The meet ing would be a second separation affair, talking and doing nothing. They had but two members, and they were bamboozling them. Shoulders must be put to wheels and hands into pockets, if they wanted to have their rights. Let the right men be found, who would act as well as talk. Let them be paid, and then there would bo something practical done (cheers.)

If this was Henry, it was not strictly accurate - in the last five years ago, Henry had spent considerable time outside Rockhampton.78,79,80 He was required to sell his land due to his insolvency on Monday, 17 June 1867.81

Henry came south to Rockhampton for reasons perhaps connected with his insolvency and his employment situation:
"Mr. Hill subsequently left Bowen, and came further south, settling in Rockhampton. There he started in business for himself in the ironmongery and hardware line, and was very successful, but like other pioneers, when the crisis came, he had to go with the rest. He was one of the foundation members of St. Paul's Church of England, in Rockhampton, Queensland, and churchwarden almost up till the time of his death".61

Henry advertised himself as an auctioneer from 13 July 1867 to 12 September 1867 in Queen Street opposite the Joint Stock Bank, in Brisbane.82,83,84 Evidently he had only a couple of clients in his two months of operation.85,86
Henry and Maria Holmes became the parents of their only son Joseph William Hill circa March 1868 at Rockhampton, Queensland. Joseph's birth was apparently not registered.87,1

Henry Hugh Hill was conducting his ironmogery business in the building previously occupied by Constnz Gerber, a bookseller and stationer. It was difficult to be a merchant at this time - shops were open six days a week, often to 10pm on weeknights, and a 6pm close on Saturday was regarded as early. Still, with gold still being worked in existing mines, and new goldfields discovered at Morinish and Mt. Wheeler, a seller of ironmongery supplies in a growing town supplying this fields, the opportunities for an ironmonger seem likely. on 23 April 1868 at Quay Street, in Rockhampton, Queensland.88,89,90

At a meeting of the members of Rockhampton, Queensland, held on the evening of Friday, 29 May 1868, Henry seconded a motion to not send delegates to the Synod. The motion was carried by a large majority.91 Henry applied to erect a verandah in front of his new premises in East Street.92 However, the circumstances of his business changed and he moved from Quay Street to East street, opposite F. F. Buddens the fruiter and grocer.93,94,95

At an evening meeting on Thursday, 9 July 1868, Henry attended a meeting of the School of Arts committee.96

A John Williams alias Quinn pleaded guilty in the District court at Maryborough, Queensland, to stealing goods and Chattels from a Henry Hill.97

In September 1868 he sold some fencing wire to the School of Arts valued at £2 6 4, and was elected to the committee in the following month. At the meeting Henry suggested they should lease out the unused land owned by the School as it is better than the land be used; his idea was not taken up.98,99

:
"Some very fine specimens of gold and copper from the Carpentaria country were brought down by Mr. Ellis Read, of Burketown, who arrived here by the last trip of the Tinonee. Mr. H. Hill, of East-street, to whom we are in debted for particulars, informs us that the gold, about 51/2 ounces in weight, is from the Leichhardt River, and is of a dark scaly appearance. It is found in the gullies and the beds of creeks about the Leichhardt Ranges. The copper specimen, about 20lbs. weight, was taken from a lode on the Gregory River. It crops out several yards in height for a distance of about 200 yards, and contains about sixty per cent of copper.— Rockhampton Bulletin, September 24."


Ellis evidently knew Henry, as his daughter Ellen recalls that.100 Henry seems to then have begun to be busy in the town's public life. He was elected as a member of the committee Rockhampton, Queensland, and continued on when elected again in the following year.101,102,103

He was on the committee for the School of Arts in January 1869; the accounts for late 1868 showed that he had sold them some paint and baskets.104 He put a notice in the paper stating he was closing for St. Patrick's day in 1869.105 He contributed 2 pounds, 2 shillings towards a reward for finding the murderer of Patrick Halligan, a popular citizen and businessman. Halligan had gone missing whilst delivering gold from Morinish, and his body has found floating in the Fitzroy. It was later determined that Halligan had been killed by three bushrangers, who were hung in Rockhampton later in the year. on 21 May 1869.106,107

In splashy newspaper advertisements in both papers, Henry announced on 19 August 1869 that he had "BLASTING POWDER! NOW ON SALE." in wholesale and retail quantities.108,109

At the quarterly meeting of Rockhampton, Queensland, Henry was active, proposing and seconding a number of motions.110

At 3pm on Tuesday, 19 April 1870 members of Rockhampton, Queensland, met at the church to consider several issues, and Henry was active in the discussions. Firstly, the incumbent minister Rev. Botting had died and the congregation was eager to secure another minister, but correspondence with the Bishop had not been encouraging; he had tried to find another curate but it didn't seem his efforts were exhaustive.
The Churchwardens had received a letter from a Rev. Tanner, and Henry said that although he didn't personally know Tanner, "he had heard from a mutual friend a very high character of him; he had been described as an energetic, good man". his suggested that they "might do worse", and they accepted Tanner's offer.
Frand Beddek was elected as Trustees' Churchwarden, and a number of people were asked to be People's Warden, but all refused due to lack of time. Captain Hunter, the Incumbent Warden, hoped Henry would reconsider as he was so well qualified and he did, accepting the role.
Henry the suggested that they meet in the evening so that more people could attend, but Mr. G. B. Shaw objected and the motion was lost.
Lastly, Henry suggested that 'Hymns Ancient and Modern', published in 1861, be adopted by St. Paul's in place of the Prayer Book version of the Psalms, but the motion was lost.111

In a newspaper advertisement on Friday, 22 April 1870, Henry advertised for a new Organist for Rockhampton, Queensland, in his capacity as Chirchwarden and Honorary Secretary.112 On 22 April 1870 he was People's Churchwarden and Honorary Secretary of Rockhampton, Queensland, and was re-elected for another term. In 1862, following the destruction of the first church, another timber building was constructed on the site. It was exclusively for Anglican use and boasted 156 rented pews with 30 free pews. It remained as St Paul’s Church until the present building was completed in 1883.61,113,114,115,116,117

He seems to have been acting on behalf of an accountant on 26 April 1870:

"ELECTION OF AUDITORS.
Date of Polling-26th April, 1870.
Mr. THOMAS FIELD, principal accountant for the last twenty years to Messrs. Sands and Kenny, and John Sands, Esq-, of Sydney and Melbourne, has the honour to intimate to the members of the above Society, that he is again a candidate for the office of auditor.
Proxy papers will be furnished, and duly forwarded by the undersigned.

HENRY HILL, Ironmonger,
East-street."118



As People's Churchwarden and Honorary Secretary, Henry advertised in the newspaper on Saturday, 7 May 1870 that Rev. Edward Tanner from Mackay would conduct Divine Service at Rockhampton, Queensland.119 He was one of a number of men pledging support to Howard St. George's campaign for the Legislative Assembly.120 In 1870 Henry was the foreman of a jury in a fraud case; the jury returned a verdict of 'guilty.121' He with others, nominated two people for election as alderman (although there was only one position open for election) on 8 July 1870 at Temporary Town Hall, in Rockhampton, Queensland.122 On 23 July 1870 Henry was elected for another term on the committee of Rockhampton, Queensland, which had been in existence for 6 years. It was noted that the committee meetings had not been well attended; Henry had attended 10 times, which was more than average. In the reports that there were now 1,929 books in the library and they had just purchased an Encyclopedia Britannica for £25. A weekly class had been establish for the "discussions of literary and scientific subjects."123,124

Henry continued in his role as People's Churchwarden, posting a newspaper advertisement that Frank Beddek would conduct Divine Service as the new minister had not arrived.125,126 In 1870 Henry was named as a trustee for a company.127

Henry was elected to a committee on the evening of Wednesday, 23 November 1870 at the Court House, in Rockhampton, Queensland, to further the process of the election of Aldermen. William Hill also attended the meeting.128 In 1870 he was initially suggested as a member of a committee to reform the local council, but at the last minute was replaced by another person.129 However, there seemed to be financial trouble brewing again. Property on which his shop was located was listed for sale (which had a cottage at the back - the residence of the family). It was listed for public auction 3 weeks later.130,131
"A SUPPLEMENT to the Government Gazette, published on the 20th, notifies the assignment of the estate of Henry Hill, of East-street, Rockhampton, ironmonger, to George Harris, of Brisbane, merchant, and George Barnsley Shaw, of Rockhampton, commission agent, as trustees, for the benefit of his creditors. The deed was lodged in the office of the Registrar of the Supreme Court, at 11 o'clock on Saturday morning, and entered the same day."132


THE ASSIGNED ESTATE OF HENRY HILL, IRONMONGER, ROCKHAMPTON.

MR. HENRY HILL is hereby authorised to COLLECT all DEBTS due to the above Estate, and his receipt will be a sufficient discharge for the same.

(Signed) G. B. SHAW,

For Self and Co-Trustees. Rockhampton, March 6,1871.133


He retired as people's churchwarden 11 April 1871 where he also presented a financial report.134,135,136

At a public meeting at Rockhampton, Queensland, called by the Mayor, a number of resolutions were voted on. One, concering the Roads Trust scheme, was seconded by Henry, who said that Road Trusts worked with a settled population, but in this district they were 'impractical.137'

On 18 May 1871 Henry advertised that he had "a large assortment of new goods" and it shows the variety of items that he sold:
PAINT, Oils, Turps, Paint Brushes, Glass (all sites), Varnishes, Whiting, Bed Load, Horseshoes and Nails, Axle Blocks, Cart Boxes, Sheet-iron, Steel, Anvils, Vyces, Trace Chains, Cart Hames, Rivets and Washers, Rope, Bnilden' Ironmongery, Carpenters' Tools, Quartz Hammers, Fuse, Powder, Diggers' Tools, Gold Dishes, Shot, Brass Taps, Table and Pocket Knives, Spades, Digging Forks, Hay Forks, Scythes, Coal and Stockholm Tar, Bolts and Nuts, Nails (all kinds), Hollow-ware, Zinc (plain and perforated), besides a First-class General Assortment of Ironmongery.

On the same day the architect of the Parsonage called for tenders for its construction, stating that galvanised iron would be supplied by the Churchwardens - even though he was no longer Churchwarden, were these supplied by Henry?138 On 14 June 1871 he won a claim against P. McMahon for goods sold, £6 10s. 7d in the Small Debts Court, in Rockhampton, Queensland.139

Henry was still involved in the School of Arts when he attended a meeting on th evening of Thursday, 10 August 1871. There were now 191 members, but they were still struggling to get consitent classes off the ground. He was one of about twenty men who were nominated to be on the committee, and was one on the nine selected.140 On 30 December 1871 he ceased advertising his ironmongery business. The reasons for this are unknown, but perhaps one of the factors was the decline of the nearby goldmines.141,142
Sydney Street Mackay c1875
(source: State Library of Queensland, Rawson Family Archive, Accession 2967
http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/167842470)


He was again involved in another court case on 23 February 1872:

"J. R. BRANDON AND OTHERS V. BOEL AND ANOTHER. This was a summons at the instance of the defendant calling on the plaintiff to show cause why he should not give security for costs. The action is one of ejectment, the property being situated in East-street, Rockhampton, and at present in the occupation of Charles Bouel and Henry Hill, two of the defendants."

Their request was unfortunately denied.143

Henry, as a committee member, attended a meeting of parishioners of Rockhampton, Queensland, on the afternoon of Tuesday, 2 April 1872.144

He then was forced into a sale of his business stock: on 8 May 1872:

"WE are requested to call attention to the sale of Mr. Henry Hill's stock of general iron- mongery, which will take place tomorrow at eleven o'clock. The sale will be conducted by Mr. Curtis for his firm."145



Henry was not nominated to be a committee member for the School of the Arts in mid-1872' - he had attended only half of the sixteen meetings in the previous year, so perhaps he was not able to fulfill the function well.146 He arrived in Rockhampton from Sydney on the Egmont on Thursday, 26 September 1872.147 He advertised all his possessions for sale on 5 October 1872 at Rockhampton, Queensland.148
Henry lived on 5 October 1872 at corner Alma and Derby streets, in Rockhampton, Queensland.148 On 1872 he travelled to Brisbane, perhaps with one of his daughters, on the 'Blackbird.149' He was found on a passenger list on 21 January 1873 from Rockhampton to Mackay, Queensland. He was travelling seemingly without his family. He apparently then lived in Mackay for the next two years.150,151

On Friday, 18 July 1873, Henry advertised in the newspaper that he was opening business as "as Auctioneer, Accountant, and General Commission Agent" in Mackay, Queensland. He anticipated that he would be starting business in two months.152

He was granted an auctioneer's licence on 9 September 1873 at Mackay, Queensland.153 By Saturday, 13 September 1873 he had opened for business at Sydeny Street, in Mackay, Queensland, next to the municipal offices. He advertised his services as "Tradesmans' Books Kept; also, Plantation & Station Accounts made up."154

He was engaged in October 1873 by W. B. Johnson, an importer, to have charge of his stores and to manage his accounts during his absence.155 Henry lived in 1874 at Mackay, Queensland.156,157 He was an accountant in 1874 at Mackay, Queensland.158,159

Maria In the absence of her husband, Maria was sued on 22 January 1874:
"H. Schmidt v. Maria Hill ; claim £21 3s. 10d, for goods and balance of a promissory note. The plaintiff proved that the money was due and owing and that the defendant was a married woman whose husband had been away for the past two years; verdict for the plaintiff with 10s. costs."160



Henry advertised on Thursday, 12 February 1874 that he was auctioning the goods of two different people, as well as a plot of land in Walkerston.161

By Thursday, 5 March 1874 he was acting in the role of Town Clerk in Mackay, Queensland, a position that he held for at least two months in place of H. F. Morgan. The Town Clerk's position paid £58 6 8 per half year, and involved calling for tenders for works, and for corresponding with other municipalities. On one occasion he wrote a letter to the Colonial Treasurer. When a new Town Clerk was appointed in the following year, it wasn't Henry.162,163,164,165,166,167,168

On 7 March 1874 Henry placed a more lavish notice in the Mackay paper, advertising that he will "negotiate Private Sales of any matters placed in his hands".169
Sydney Street Mackay c1875
(source: State Library of Queensland, Rawson Family Archive, Accession 2967
http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/167842428)
The Municipal Council resolved on Thursday, 2 April 1874 at their fortnightly meeting that a payment of £8 6 8 was to be made to the Acting Town Clerk.165 It seems that his visited him from Rockhampton on Friday, 17 July 1874, arriving on the S.S. Tinonee.170

By August 1874, he had stopped advertising his services in the local paper. Was this because he had a surplus of work, or had he taken up employment with someone else? On the 14 of the month he advertised a sale by auction - but another auctioneer - George Smith, the Mayor - had four similar advertisements.171

Henry was called as a witness in a minor case involving selling a glass of grog in an unlicensed premise at Mackay, Queensland; Henry said he went with W. J. Clements to Charles Kemp's house on Thursday, 6 August 1874 where a ball was held and had a couple of drinks - some brandy and some ginger wine. Henry paid half a crown and received one shilling and sixpence change.172

A Mr. Hill occupied the position of Librarian at The School of Arts, in Mackay, Queensland, from November 1874 for a couple of months. The School of Arts operated a reading room at the Council Chambers, and had only been established in the previous year. A quantity of book shad been bought from Melbourne, and were expected to arrive shortly. It was stated that The School of Arts could not afford to pay for a full time custodian. The erstwhile Town Clerk, H. F. Morgan, whom Henry had relieved for a couple of months, was the Honorary Secretary. Perhaps Henry had made a good impression on this official. Henry does not appear to be a committee member.173,174,175,176,177,178,179

Henry witnessed a near drowning in 1875:
"A CORRESPONDENT at Mackay sends the Courier the following account of a brave action that occurred some time since, but which should not be passed without recognition : Henry Hill, Alexander Grant, and a young man named Cosgrove were bathing in the Pioneer River, when the latter, in consequence of the very strong current running, finding himself unable to contend with it, sank. Mr. Andrew Cahill, acting-sergeant of police of this town, who was near the place at the time, seeing the imminent danger of the young man, immediately stripped and went into the water after him. He succeeded in getting hold of Cosgrove, but the current being too strong he was obliged twice to let him go, and Cosgrove sank. Cahill, who is a very powerful man, then dived after him, and having secured the drowning man round the body, succeeded in fetching him to the shore, swimming upon his back, the only way in which it was possible for him to do under the circumstances. I mention this instance of rescue from drowning as a duty. All honour, I say, to such heroic conduct."180



When the Municipality called for auditors in February 1875, Henry didn't apply.181 On Saturday, 13 February 1875 the School of Arts advertised for someone to fill the posistion of Secretary and Librarian at £35 per annum; they only received one applicantion and it wasn't from Henry. Why was that? Did Henry have other employment?182

In April 1875, he collected more than 12 pounds for Holy Trinity Anglican church, in Mackay, Queensland, (who were fundraising to buy a harmonium), and was paid a little over one pound, apparently as a commission.183

He was the letting agent for the Commercial Hotel in a newspaper advertisement of Saturday, 26 June 1875 in Mackay, Queensland.184

It was reported that C. Webster had successfully sued an H. J. Hill for a little over £8 for goods sold. Was this Charles Webster (who Henry had dealings with) and our Henry?185 Maria Holmes was found on a passenger list on the S.S. Tinonee on 18 Dec 1875 from Rockhampton There were also two children accompanying her; was this Maria visiting Henry with two of their children, and if so, which two? Eliza would have been 18, Alice 11 and Joseph about 7.186 Henry lived in 1876 at Mackay, Queensland.156,187

In April 1876 Henry was a witness in a court case Mackay, Queensland, where he had to attest to a valuation he had made some time previously.188

Although there is no evidence to confirm that he attended the wedding, his daughter Ellen married Charles William Alexander Keys on.189,190,191 He was a clerk in October 1876.192

Henry reluctantly reported that his daughter Eliza was of unsound mind and gave her up into custody. Henry said he was "greatly afraid she will do herself some serious harm" and reported that she had made at least two suicide attempts and that he had placed her under restraints, but sometimes she had got away. She was sent to Rockhampton Reception House for a month.193 Henry lived in 1877 at Charters Towers, Queensland. He apparently lived there for 6 months in the period Charters Towers was a booming gold town.194

By his daughter Ellen's recollection, he was a churchwarden with Rockhampton, Queensland, until late in life.195 He was on a passenger list from Sydney to Rockhampton on 2 July 1877.196
Henry Hill, Death Notice.
The Morning Bulletin, 30 July 1878


Henry lived in July 1878 at North Rockhampton, Queensland. probably with his wife Maria and children as his health worsened.1

Henry died at home on 27 July 1878 at North Rockhampton, Queensland, of chronic bronchitis, which had lasted for 4 months. Doctor Campbell had seen him the day before his death..197,198,1,2 He was buried on 27 July 1878 at at South Rockhampton cemetery in the Rockhampton suburb of Allenstown, Queensland.1,199,200

Timeline

DateEventPlace
Family
Family
Family
1827Birth-LikelySheffield1,2,3
1841Immigratn-newAustralia
1844Note memo only CR CR4
Employment5,6,7
1851Note memo only CR CR546 George Street North, in Sydney8
1851ResidenceGeorge Street, in Sydney9
1851MarriageSt. James' Church of England, in Sydney10,11
Note memo only12
Quotation type 213
1851Occupation-hide15
1851ResidenceWoolloomooloo street, in Sydney16,17
1852Residence-hideSydney201
1853Note memo only CR CRSydney19
1853Residence-hide at Princes Street in the Sydney area of The Rocks21
1855Note memo only CR CR119 George Street, in Sydney22
1855Residence123 Princes Street, in Sydney23,24
1855Note memo only CR CRMelbourne5
1855Passngr listMelbourne25,26
1856ResidenceGreat Bourke Street, in Melbourne27
1856Note memo onlythe Melbourne suburb of St. Kilda28,29
1857Residence-hideLatrobe Street, in Melbourne29
1857Employment-hidefor Levicks & Piper at 113 Flinders Lane West, in Melbourne32
1857NoteMelbourne30
1858ResidenceMelbourne31
1858Note memo onlyMelbourne32
1858Quotation type 2 at corner Princes and Burnett Street in the Melbourne suburb of St. Kilda33
1860Residence-hide at Princes Road in the Melbourne suburb of St. Kilda35,202
1861Note memo onlySydney37,38
1861Quotation type 3Ballarat, Victoria39,40
1861Note memo only41
1861Note memo onlyBallarat, Victoria42
Residence-hideLydiard Street, in Ballarat, Victoria203
1862ResidenceSeymour Street, in Soldiers' Hill, Ballarat44
1862Note memo only CR CR45
1862Note memo only CR CR46
1862Quotation type 347
1862Passngr listSydney48
1862Passngr listBrisbane49,50
1862Passngr list51
1863Passngr listRockhampton, Queensland52,53
1863Note memo only CR CRRockhampton, Queensland54
1863MarriageRockhampton, Queensland55,56,57,58
Note memo only59,60
Note memo only CR CR61,1
Note memo only CR CR62
1863Occupation-hide55
1863Note memo only CR CR64
Quotation type 161
1865Note memo only CR CRPort Denison, Queensland66
1865Note memo only CR CRPort Denison, in Bowen, Queensland67,68
1866Residence-hideBowen, Queensland204
1866Note memo only CR CR69
1866Note memo onlyPort Denison, Queensland70
1866Note memo only CR CRHerbert Street, in Bowen, Queensland71
Note memo onlyBrisbane72,73
1866Note memo only CR CR74
1867Quotation type 2The Supreme Court, in Brisbane75
1867Quotation type 2Brisbane76
1867Note memo only CR CR77
1867Quotation type 3the School of Arts, in Rockhampton, Queensland78,79,80
1867Note memo onlyCounty of Stanley, Queensland81
Quotation type 1St. Paul's Church of England, in Rockhampton, Queensland61
1867Note memo onlyQueen Street opposite the Joint Stock Bank, in Brisbane82,83,84
1867Note memo onlyBrisbane85,86
1868Note CR CRQuay Street, in Rockhampton, Queensland88,89,90
1868Note memo only CR CRRockhampton, Queensland91
1868Note memo only92
1868Note memo onlyEast Street, in Rockhampton, Queensland93,94,95
1868Note memo only CR CR96
1868Note memo only CR CRMaryborough, Queensland97
1868Note memo only CR CR98,99
1868Quotation type 3Rockhampton, Queensland100
1868Note memo onlyRockhampton, Queensland101,102,103
1869Note memo only CR CR104
1869Note memo onlyRockhampton, Queensland105
1869Note106,107
1869Note memo only CR CR108,109
1870Note memo only CR CRRockhampton, Queensland110
1870Note memo only CR CRRockhampton, Queensland111
1870Note memo only CR CRRockhampton, Queensland112
1870Note memo onlyRockhampton, Queensland61,113,114,115,116,117
1870Quotation type 2118
1870Note memo only CR CRRockhampton, Queensland119
1870Note memo onlyRockhampton, Queensland120
1870Note memo onlyNorthern District Court, in Rockhampton, Queensland121
1870NoteTemporary Town Hall, in Rockhampton, Queensland122
1870Note memo onlyRockhampton, Queensland123,124
1870Note memo only CR CR125,126
1870Note memo onlyRockhampton, Queensland127
1870Note memo only CR CRthe Court House, in Rockhampton, Queensland128
1870Note memo onlyRockhampton, Queensland129
1871Note memo onlyRockhampton, Queensland130,131
1871Note memo onlyBrisbane132
1871Note memo only CR CRRockhampton, Queensland133
1871Note memo only CR CRRockhampton, Queensland134,135,136
1871Note memo only CR CRRockhampton, Queensland137
1871Quotation type 3138
1871Note memo onlythe Small Debts Court, in Rockhampton, Queensland139
1871Note memo only CR CR140
1871Note memo onlyRockhampton, Queensland141,142
1872Quotation type 2Brisbane143
1872Note memo only CR CRRockhampton, Queensland144
1872Quotation type 2Rockhampton, Queensland145
1872Note memo only CR CR146
1872Note memo onlyRockhampton, Queensland147
1872NoteRockhampton, Queensland148
1872Residencecorner Alma and Derby streets, in Rockhampton, Queensland148
1872Note memo onlyRockhampton, Queensland149
1873Passngr listMackay, Queensland150,151
1873Note memo only CR CRMackay, Queensland152
1873Note memo only CR CRMackay, Queensland153
1873Note memo onlySydeny Street, in Mackay, Queensland154
1873Note memo only CR CR155
1874ResidenceMackay, Queensland156,157
1874OccupationMackay, Queensland158,159
1874Note memo only CR CR161
1874Note memo only CR CRMackay, Queensland162,163,164,165,166,167,168
1874Note memo only CR CRMackay, Queensland169
1874Note memo only165
1874Note memo only CR CR171
1874Note memo only CR CRMackay, Queensland172
1874Note memo only CR CRThe School of Arts, in Mackay, Queensland173,174,175,176,177,178,179
1875Quotation type 1the Pioneer River, in Mackay, Queensland180
1875Note memo only CR CR181
1875Note memo only182
1875Note memo only CR CRHoly Trinity Anglican church, in Mackay, Queensland183
1875Note memo only CR CRMackay, Queensland184
1875Note memo only CR CR185
1876ResidenceMackay, Queensland156,187
1876Note memo only CR CRMackay, Queensland188
1876Note memo only CR CRSt. John's, in Brisbane189,190,191
1876Occupation192
1876Note memo only CR CR193
1877ResidenceCharters Towers, Queensland194
Note memo only CR CRRockhampton, Queensland195
1877Note196
1878ResidenceNorth Rockhampton, Queensland1
1878DeathNorth Rockhampton, Queensland197,198,1,2
1878Burial at South Rockhampton cemetery in the Rockhampton suburb of Allenstown, Queensland1,199,200

Family 1

Bridget Holmes (c 1823-7 May 1862)
Children

Family 2

Maria Holmes (c 1825-13 Apr 1916)
Children

Citations

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    2 Roods, situate County Stanley, Parish of Pring, being Subdivision 16, of Portion 76. Also, Subdivisions 20 and 21, of Portion 76 ; contains 1 Acre same parish." The County of Stanley includes Ipswich, near Brisbane.).
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    "NOTICE to Parties Leaving Brisbane, and wishing to Dispose of their House-hold Furniture and Effects privately, instead of by Auction. The undersigned are CASH PURCHASERS of the same. HENRY HILL & CO., Auctioneers, Queen-street, opposite Joint Stock Bank.").
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  97. [S1249] The Maryborough Chronicle, Maryborough, Queensland, Australia, 1868 'NORTHERN DISTRICT COURT, MARYBOROUGH.', Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (Qld. : 1860 - 1947), 8 August, p. 2. , viewed 07 May 2021, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article148013802
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  116. [S337] St. Paul's Anglican Cathederal - Rockhampton (http://www.anglicanrockcathedral.org/website/Welcome.html) History of the Cathederal http://www.anglicanrockcathedral.org/website/History.html
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    "A Meeting of the congregation of St. Paul's Church was held in the Church on the 11th ultimo. Mr. Henry Hill, one of the Church-wardens, read the report, from which it appeared which the income of the past year exceeded £150, and that after payment of the clergymen's stipends and other incidental expenses, there was a balance to credit of about £20. Mr. C. S. D. Melbourne was elected people's warden, and Mr. F. L. Barker was nominated as minister's warden. Owing to the illness and consequent absence of Mr. F. N. Beddek, the post of trustees' warden was not filled up. On motion of Mr. Livermore, seconded by Mr, Feez, the churchwardens wore recommended to call a meeting to consider the late decision of tho Brisbane Diocesan Synod, with reference to the proposed Severence of the northern portion of tho diocese. The thanks of the meeting were tendered to the retiring churchwardens, which were duly acknowledged by those gentlemen."
    ).
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  157. [S797] Queensland Electoral Rolls, 1874-75.
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    BEGS to intimate to the public generally that he is prepared to undertake SALES by AUCTION of all kinds of MERCHANDISE, HOUSEHOLD EFFECTS, HORSES, DRAYS, CATTLE, LAND, &c, &c on the shortest Notice
    If desired by his constituents be will negotiate Private Sales of any matters placed in his hands. Having recently made a Sale and Transfer of a Capital Manufacturing Business in Mackay to entire satisfaction of all concerned, Mr Hill will be glad to refer to those Persons as to his ability to manage such matters.
    Prompt Account Sales.
    Henry Hill
    Auctioneer).
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    MONDAY, OCTOBER 16.
    BEFORE the Police Magistrate.
    Eliza Hill was brought up on suspicion of being of unsound mind. Dr. McBurney gave evidence as to her insanity. Henry Hill, deposed : I am a clerk residing in Mackay ; the girl before the Court is my daughter ; her name is Eliza Hill, and she is 19 years of age ; I gave her into custody on a charge of being of unsound mind ; she has been living under my roof and care since she was born; during
    the last 9 years she has suffered very much from epileptic fits, which come on her about once a month, when she falls down and becomes perfectly rigid and helpless ; the fits last for 5 or 6 days, when she appears imbecile ; Dr. Robertson, of Rockhampton, attended her from 1869 to 1872, occasionally; I have been obliged to place her under restraint; she sometimes got away from my care, and knocks about a great deal, threatening to destroy herself; on one I occasion she scored her throat with a knife; her throat was marked very much ; I have found her in the act of tying strings round her neck, endeavouring to choke herself ; I am greatly afraid she will do herself some serious harm. The Bench ordered her to be forwarded to the Rockhampton Reception House, for one month, for medical treatment.).
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