Samuel Darby

#608, (circa September 1818-11 October 1856)
FatherGeorge Darby (c 1779-4 Mar 1853)
MotherElizabeth Aylott (c 1777-Jan 1821)
ChartsAylott Family - descendants
Brett Family - descendants
Darby Family - descendants
Descendents of Richard Darby
Last Edited23 Apr 2022
WikiTree ID:https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Darby-2875.
Samuel Darby - signature from the wedding certificate of Martha Darby and John Speller Wright, 1837
     (For a brief history and context on the Darby family see this page)

NOTE: The information on this page is my research to date and is subject to change as I become better informed. I very much welcome any corrections or additional info you might have - my email address is at the bottom of this page. Whilst historical facts are not copyright, my writing about these facts are. If you wish to use any text from this site on Ancestry or on any other website, please ask me first - Tim Hill.
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Samuel was born circa September 1818 at Hertford.1 He was the son of George Darby and Elizabeth Aylott. The city of Hertford dates back to at least 673, and was an important market town surrounded by agricultural land. From the late 16th century, it had access to the London corn markets via the Lea river.

Samuel Darby was baptised at Lady Huntingdon's Connexion on Sunday, 23 May 1819 at Hertford.2 Lady Huntingdon's Chapel was one a series of chapels founded in the 18th century by the Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion as part of a Calvinistic movement within the Methodist church. She insisted that they should all subscribe to the doctrines of the Church of England and use only the Book of Common Prayer. It was apparently founded in 1800, and started keeping registers from 1806.



His mother died circa January 1821. He was about 3 when this happened.3

He may have attended the wedding of his sister in the marriage of Jerimiah Playl and Eliza Darby in a Church of England ceremony at St. Leonard's on Monday, 7 April 1828 at Shoreditch, London. Eliza was married on the same day as her older sister Lucretia, and they, along with their father, were witnesses for each other. Jerimiah and Eliza went on to have six children together.4

He may have attended the wedding of his sister in the marriage of John Warner and Lucretia Darby in a Church of England ceremony at St. Leonard's on Monday, 7 April 1828 at Shoreditch, London. Lucretia was married on the same day as her younger sister Eliza, and they, along with their father, were witnesses for each other.4 Samuel Darby was indentured to George Darby to learn 'the art of a millwright' in consideration for work and labour for 7 years on 6 June 1834. Samuel's brother William was apprenticed as a millwright on the same day. However, Samuel's apprenticeship was cancelled just over 2 years later.5

Samuel and Ann Darby attended the wedding of John Speller Wright and his sister Martha Darby in a Church of England ceremony at St. Pancras Parish Chapel on Wednesday, 11 January 1837 at St. Pancras, London. They also signed the marriage certificate as witnesses. Others who may have attended the wedding include Elizabeth (?) as mother of the bride, George Darby as father of the bride and William Wright as father of the groom.6,7,8

He may have attended the wedding of his sister in the marriage of Joseph William Peck and Ann Darby in a Church of England ceremony at St. Leonard's on Monday, 1 April 1839 at Shoreditch, London. They married seventeen days before they set sail for South Australia.9,3 Samuel Darby was an engineer in June 1841.3 Samuel lived on 27 June 1841 at Old Brentford, Middlesex.3

He married Mary Ann Taylor, daughter of William Taylor, in a Church of England ceremony at St. Mary on Sunday, 27 June 1841 at Ealing, Middlesex. Mary's father was a victualler.. Others who may have attended the wedding include William Taylor as father of the bride and George Darby as father of the groom. Brothers and sisters who may have attended include Lucretia Darby, Eliza Darby, Mary Ann Darby, Amelia Darby and Elizabeth Darby. Mary and Samuel had no known children.10,11

Samuel and his wife Mary emigrated from Plymouth on 27 September 1841 on the 'Himalaya.10,12' Samuel and his wife Mary arrived at Port Phillip, Victoria, in January 1842.10,12

Samuel Darby was a carpenter in February 1842.10 He arrived from Sydney on the barque 'Mary White' on 9 May 1846 at Adelaide.13

He may have attended the wedding of his brother in the marriage of Thomas Darby and Jessie Nicholson in a Congregationalist ceremony conducted by Reverend Edward Knight Baker on Thursday, 23 November 1848 at Morphett Vale, South Australia. A week earlier at the same place, Thomas' brother John had married Mary Leonard. No parents of the bride and groom attended the ceremony.14,15 Samuel Darby and Mary Ann Taylor were found on a passenger list on 10 February 1849 from Port Adelaide to Port Phillip, Victoria.16

In George Darby's will on 16 May 1850 Elizabeth Darby, Samuel Darby and Eliza Darby were named as heirs. Of his other children, three other surviving sons (John, Thomas and William) are not named in the will. Perhaps this was because they had emigrated to Australia, but Samuel had also emigrated and is named. In any event, both John and William died in the three years that followed, both before their father's death. Further, George did not name his second wife in the will either, and may have been estranged from her. Elizabeth got the newly constructed house and its grounds, as well as the household goods furtniture and effects that it contained but was required to pay one hundred pounds into the estate (for the ultimate division between her married sisters Mary Ann and Eliza, and Samuel)..17

His father died 4 March 1853 at the approximate age of 74.

George Darby's will was probated on 20 April 1853.17 In mid 1856 Samuel made a living as a ship's engineer.18

Samuel died on 11 October 1856. An inquest was ordered on Samuel's death. He was at the time the engineer on board the Lady Augusta travelling along the Murray River from Goolwa to Albury, and died when one of the boilers exploded.19,20 He was buried on 12 October 1856 at Old Goolwa Cemetery, in Goolwa, South Australia.21,22 The inquest into his death (and the death of the stoker, Francis Clems) concluded that he "came to their death by the collapse of one of the flues of the boilers ... during the upward river voyage to Albury" Samuel remarked to the captain "that if I could keep her afloat he would keep her going ahead." A little while later, Samuel was heard to say to the stoker "don't be afraid to give us plenty of steam" About 40 minutes later the boiler exploded, scalding Samuel severly. He was still alive when they got to him 10 minutes later, but died almost immediately after they brought him up to the deck by rope. the local manger of the company said that he believed "Mr. Darby to have been a very excellent engineer, and was sure the accident could not have arisen from want of sound practical knowledge on his part, for he believed him to be the most competent engineer on the river." The accident is believed to have been due to a valve being set the wrong way, and the Samuel might have been the one who unaccountably set it like that.

The jury returned a finding of accidental death.

The reported concluded that "the whole catastrophe has caused a sad gloom over our district. The deceased engineer had obtained a high character for professional ability, and the stoker (Clems) for his prudent habits and intelligence. Nor were these the only sufferers by this sad calamity. A Chinaman had also his body severely scalded, but I believe there is every probabllity of his recovery."23

Samuel's will was probated on 22 March 1858. With the sole beneficiary being his widow, who had apparently moved back to England. The total estate was valued at less than £450.24

Timeline

DateEventPlace
Family
Family
1818BirthHertford1
1819BaptismLady Huntingdon's Connexion, Hertford2
1834Apprenticed5
1841Occupation3
1841ResidenceOld Brentford, Middlesex3
1841MarriageSt. Mary, Ealing, Middlesex10,11
1841Emigratn-newPlymouth10,12
1842Immigratn-newPort Phillip, Victoria10,12
1842Occupation10
1846NoteAdelaide13
1849Passngr listPort Phillip, Victoria16
1856Occupation18
1856Death19,20
1856BurialOld Goolwa Cemetery, in Goolwa, South Australia21,22
1856Note memo only23
1858Probate24

Family

Mary Ann Taylor (c 1819-)

Citations

  1. [S244] The South Australian Register, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 18 Oct. 1856 p.2 Col. E.
  2. [S236] Parish Registers for Hertford Back Street Bethel - Lady Huntingdon, Batch/Film C066111 Serial/Sheet 0014.
  3. [S549] E-mails from Eve Mintern to Tim Hill, 2012- 22 Aug 2012.
  4. [S494] London. London Metropolitan Archives, London, England, Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921 Guildhall, St Leonard Shoreditch, Register of marriages, Jul 1827 - Aug 1828, P91/LEN/A/01/Ms 7498/37 (http://search.ancestry.com.au/Browse/View.aspx).
  5. [S465] The National Archives, England Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies, (http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk) https://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx
  6. [S494] London. London Metropolitan Archives, London, England, Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921 London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Pancras Parish Church, Register of marriages, P90/PAN1, Item 069.
  7. [S541] The Hertford Mercury and Reformer, Hertford, Hertfordshire, England, 17th Jan 1837 p.3.
  8. [S244] The South Australian Register, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 1876 'Family Notices.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 30 August, p. 4, viewed 14 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article43008466
  9. [S1303] Kelly Dyer, Manuscript, 2021 p.158.
  10. [S338] Ancestry.com.au Ancestry.com, (http://www.ancestry.com.au/) New South Wales Government. "Persons on bounty ships arriving at Port Phillip (Agent's Immigrant Lists)". Series #5318, Reel: 2144, Item: 4/4814. State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood New South Wales, Australia (http://search.ancestry.com.au/iexec).
  11. [S242] General Register Office, England - Marriage Certificates, Certified copy of an entry in a Register of Births, Brentford Vol.16 p.3.
  12. [S612] The Australian, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1841 'SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE.', The Australian (Sydney, NSW : 1824 - 1848), 23 October, p. 2, viewed 21 April, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article36849422
  13. [S244] The South Australian Register, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, Adelaide Shipping - Arrived 9 May 1846 p.3.
  14. [S239] The Adelaide Times, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 27 Nov 1848 P.2 Col. C.
  15. [S1303] Kelly Dyer, Manuscript, 2021 p.160.
  16. [S244] The South Australian Register, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, Adelaide Shipping - Cleared out - 10 Feb 1849 p.3.
  17. [S468] The National Archives, England (http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk) Will of George Darby, Brickmaker of Bengeo, Hertfordshire - Reference: PROB 11/2170/145 (http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Details).
  18. [S244] The South Australian Register, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, Obituaries, 14th October 1856 p3 col. G and 18th October 1856 p.2 col. E.
  19. [S244] The South Australian Register, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, Obituaries, 14th October 1856 page 3 column G and 18th October 1856 page 2 column E.
  20. [S244] The South Australian Register, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, "Melancholy Accident on Board the Lady Augusta" 14 Oct 1856 p.3.
  21. [S466] Find a Grave (http://www.findagrave.com) Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/231533807/samuel-darby : accessed 23 April 2022), memorial page for Samuel Darby (1821–12 Oct 1856), Find a Grave Memorial ID 231533807, citing Goolwa Cemetery, Goolwa, Alexandrina Council, South Australia, Australia ; Maintained by Anthony Presgrave (contributor 50958284) .
  22. [S549] E-mails from Eve Mintern to Tim Hill, 2012- 30 Aug 2012.
  23. [S244] The South Australian Register, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 1856 'MELANCHOLY ACCIDENT ON BOARD THE LADY AUGUSTA.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 14 October, p. 3, viewed 31 August, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article49754053
  24. [S515] England & Wales, National Probate Calendar Ancestry.com, Samuel Darby, 22 Mar1858.