Agnette E. Sörum1

#163, (circa 1849-1901)
FatherEvan Evanson (c 1830-)
Anita Sorum
     NOTE: The information on this page is my research to date and is subject to change as I become better informed. I very much welcome any corrections or additional info you might have - my email address is at the bottom of this page - Tim Hill.
+ + + + + + + + + +


Agnette E. Sörum was also known as Agnetta.2 She was likely born circa 1849 at Christiania (now Oslo), Norway.3 She was the daughter of Evan Evanson. Agnette E. Sörum may have been born circa 1851 at Norway.4

Agnette sought and obtained assisted passage to New Zealand as a 'maid servant.5'

Agnette emmigrated from Hamburg, Germany, on 28 July 1872 on the 'Palmerston'. The ship was a 950 ton four masted iron ship, built as a steamer and convered into a sailing ship.3

A contemporary account of the voyage was kept by one of the passengers on 10 August 1872:
"10 August 1872 Bad behaviour of two German girls who went to bed in the evening with two of the ships sailormen, it came before the Captain who went to the sailors quarters with a whip in his hand and laid it on pretty heavy on the cohabiters in bed, and the unlucky poor girls had to leave the sailors sweet company, with the only garment of a nightdress and had to wait for their clothing till late next morning. Small quantities of black ryebread was supplied to each platoon or ward, and then dog biscuits. All our black bread we had from Hamburg is consumed by this time, only liquid now."6



They were subject to duplicitious behaviour from the captain on 25 August 1872:
"25 August 1872 One man dead today belonging to Norway. He was a widower and had 4 children. The three he left in Christiana and the fourth which was 10 years of age was on board. With him a rumour was circulated amongst the passengers that the man had been stealing a bottle of poison from some person on board so as to poison himself thereby."

Hiowever, this was untrue - he was killed by the crew botching the weekly fumigation.

"Some ugly rumour soon passes amongst the passengers relating to the poor mans death, that gave the Captain some concern, as he did not like to have an investigation of the unlucky circumstances after the arrival in New Zealand because he would know it would likely be a serious matter for him and the steward, therefore he told the people on board that it was his intention to take the boy belonging to the dead man to bring him up himself as he had no children. That promise gave satisfaction to some of the passengers, not knowing the devious side of that promise by the Captain. The boy (later noted), was kept on board the ship until the last day before going away then the boy was told that he was to travel along with some person to serve in Oamaru district and to have a different name instead of his own. That was meant so he could not be traced by any of his ships companions, so ended that honourable promise of a German Ships Captain."7



During the voyage they traversed some extremes of climate on 16 September 1872:
"16 September 1872 We are nearly over the strong hot climate ... our passage across that Godforsaken part of our travel lasted almost for three weeks, and full of suffering for good many of the passengers. The first part of the three weeks was very still scarcely a breath of wind and in consequence thereof did the rigging of ropes and tackle stretch and constantly slack and therewith make an intolerable noise to such an extent that it seemed that the whole rigmarole would break down ... our water tanks were almost empty at these times and the little which was left got rotten of the abominable heat and was churned backward and forward in the tanks. Then there was the rust from the old iron chains, so a good dose of vinegar was put down in the few buckets of water so as to take the bad taste of rust, for all that it was a horrible drink. It made even coffee or tea smell and tasted rotten"

However relief was not far away

"it started with a down pour of rain like it came from a sluice gate. Men and boys undressed themselves and laid down on the deck for a warm bath and drank rain water till they were nearly bursting. Canvas was spread in the lower rigging so as to catch the rain water for the tanks."7



It was not an easy voyage on 13 November 1872:
"13 November 1872 Until today's date are 17 children born and 15 dead in this ship all told, of less than 300 passengers and far from the end of the voyage. It is today the Captains Birthday, consequently a great flare up in the evening and all the men got a big knobler of brandy and the women folk got wine. The children each a packet of currants and prunes. And afterwards dancing and also some sing song. For all that, the corpse of a boy was laying ready for to be sent to the bottom of the Pacific Ocean. But he was put at the one end and the dancing was at the other end of the married passengers saloon."

The diarist described the accomodation:

"I will give a little description of the interior of that Compartment which serves for bedrooms, dining room, sitting room, tea room, and I may mention dressing room also and in bad weather as laundry. Therefore it cannot be wondered at that so many unlucky children have to go overboard and the worst of all in extra bad weather the Gangway from below on to the deck is always blocked by fastening the hatches over the sternway to prevent the seawater and heavy rain to come down in the Saloon which contains first, second, and third class passengers, but no distinction in the crowd. We are all as one in our unhappiness and painful surrounds, Because here in this ship are happenings going on which can baffle and astonish the most astute person. Our Quarter (excuse me) Saloon is midship about 130 feet long and the full width of the ship, 40 ft.
The bunks or shall I call them beds are on the two and two principle, one above the other and 3 ft 6 in broad but how long I will not mention ... the seats along the tables, for we have no chairs, are top heavy and cannot stand by themselves when they are not lashed by weight of occupation when heavy seas are running and that is almost every day and night. This is called the Pacific Ocean, but oh what a misnomer - truly. The single mens habitation is forward of ours and girls or unmarried women just behind, the reverse would not do as the crew occupy the forward part and the Captain and the Doctor and other officers also as well as the Hospital and Chemist Shop."7

After a voyage of about 5 months Agnette arrived at Canterbury, New Zealand, on 16 December 1872.3,8



The 'Otago Witness' reported on the passengers from the 'Palmerston' on 28 December 1872:
"The German and Scandinavian passengers per Palmerston were admitted to pratique on Monday, and brought to town by the first trip of the P.S. Golden Age. They look a fine, tall, and healthy lot. The families from this ship who have been infected with scarlatina are located at the small island, the two cases affected being looked after in isolated tents on the island, while the others are located in lighters in attendance."9



She may have married Robert Cheyne, circa 1882 at New Zealand. Robert's death certificate indicates that he was married at the age of 29. However, the birth certificate for their second child (born in 1884) indicates that they were not, at least at that stage, married.10,11

Agnette and her husband Robert emmigrated from New Zealand circa March 1888.11 Agnette and her husband Robert arrived at Melbourne circa March 1888.11

Agnette and Robert Cheyne became the parents of Violet Barbara Cheyne on Wednesday, 11 April 1888 at North Melbourne, Victoria.

Agnette died in 1901 at the Melbourne suburb of Fitzroy.4

Children of Agnette E. Sörum and Robert Cheyne

Children
Last Edited15 May 2014

Timeline

DateEventPlace
Family
c 1849Birth-LikelyChristiania (now Oslo), Norway3
c 1851Birth-CANNorway4
1872Emmigratn-newHamburg, Germany3
1872Quotation type 26
1872Quotation type 27
1872Quotation type 27
1872Quotation type 27
1872Immigratn-newCanterbury, New Zealand3,8
1872Quotation type 29
1901Deaththe Melbourne suburb of Fitzroy4
ChartsBarbara Nicholson - ancestors

Citations

  1. [S754] Website Hamburger Passagierlisten, 1850-1934 () Name: Agnette E Sörum; Departure Date: 28 Jul 1872; Destination: Neuseeland (New Zealand); Port of Arrival: Neu Seeland; Volume: 373-7 I, VIII A 1 Band 027 A (for name).
  2. [S265] Victoria, Death Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages, 1962 No.18914.
  3. [S754] Website Hamburger Passagierlisten, 1850-1934 () Name: Agnette E Sörum; Departure Date: 28 Jul 1872; Destination: Neuseeland (New Zealand); Port of Arrival: Neu Seeland; Volume: 373-7 I, VIII A 1 Band 027 A.
  4. [S265] Victoria, Death Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages, 1901 No.9587.
  5. [S757] Website New Zealand Passenger Lists, 1839-1973 www.familysearch.org, Name: Agnetta E Sorum, Event Type: Immigration; Event Date: 16 Dec 1872; Event Place: Canterbury, New Zealand; Departure Date: 1872; Arrival Port: Canterbury; Digital Folder Number: 004411660; Image Number: 00008.
  6. [S755] Website The Voyage of The Palmerston 1872 (http://andreassend.blogspot.com.au/2009/12/…) (Diary of Christen Christensen,
    A passenger onboard The Palmerston
    Written and translated from Danish
    Arrived in Hamburg on the 21st July 1872.

    Left there 29th July two children died in Hamburg.

    August 1, entered into North Sea in heavy storm nearly everybody seasick. On the 4, one little child dead. Strong head wind, which drove the ship backwards for a good number of miles, which nearly brought the ship on the Cliffs of Heligoland. 6. Entered the English Channel.

    7. Dropped anchor opposite Dover on the coast.

    August 8. Left the Channel in fine weather and fair wind from the North.

    9. A female child born by an unmarried woman from Jutland.

    10. Bad behaviour of two German girls who went to bed in the evening with two of the ships sailormen, it came before the Captain who went to the sailors quarters with a whip in his hand and laid it on pretty heavy on the cohabiters in bed, and the unlucky poor girls had to leave the sailors sweet company, with the only garment of a nightdress and had to wait for their clothing till late next morning. Small quantities of black ryebread was supplied to each platoon or ward, and then dog biscuits. All our black bread we had from Hamburg is consumed by this time, only liquid now. Wind West.

    14. We are now in Atlantic Ocean with good wind from the West.

    15. One little child dead the parents belong to Sweden.

    23. A female child dead belong to Sealands parents. South East wind. We can at this time see fishes double the size of horses.

    24. One little child dead belonging to Polish parents.

    25. Last night we come into trade wind and the passengers therefore had some enjoyment as a number of rockets and other fireworks were sent heavenward. We passed today the Island Maderia. Now we have sailed one month, and have now steady eastern wind.
    One man dead today belonging to Norway. He was a widower and had 4 children. The three he left in Christiana and the fourth which was 10 years of age was on board. With him a rumour was circulated amongst the passengers that the man had been stealing a bottle of poison from some person on board so as to poison himself thereby. But that was not so, that was done so as to hide away the real fact, which was done by one of the stewards on board who had to attend to the fumigation of all the occupied quarters below the main deck. It was done once a week by ordering all the passengers below up on to the main deck for the time of fumigation, and the Stewards duty was to see everybody had left below before he started the steaming or rather smoking and to see all hatches and ventilators closed up as to keep all the fumes from escaping. Then the steward brought down two or three buckets of Stockholm tar and placed them on a creating and lighted a coal fire so as to bring the contents to boil for about an hour. But the steward had overlooked to see into the beds so as to make certain that all the people were out, and they were not because this Norwegian was still in his bed sleeping. Afterwards when the people went down again the man was discovered dead in his bed, of suffocation no doubt of the strong poisoned gases from the boiling tar.
    Some ugly rumour soon passes amongst the passengers relating to the poor mans death, that gave the Captain some concern, as he did not like to have an investigation of the unlucky circumstances after the arrival in New Zealand because he would know it would likely be a serious matter for him and the steward, therefore he told the people on board that it was his intention to take the boy belonging to the dead man to bring him up himself as he had no children. That promise gave satisfaction to some of the passengers, not knowing the devious side of that promise by the Captain. The boy (later noted), was kept on board the ship until the last day before going away then the boy was told that he was to travel along with some person to serve in Oamaru district and to have a different name instead of his own. That was meant so he could not be traced by any of his ships companions, so ended that honourable promise of a German Ships Captain.

    27th August died my lovely little daughter Annabel Christensen at 11.00 pm after 5 weeks illness. She was born on the 12 December 1870 and was 1 year 8 months and 15 days old.

    Today Monday the 9 September died a four year old child born in Thyland north part of Jutland. These people had two children and both have died on the ship.

    12. Dead a three year old child belonging to Polish parents.

    16. A Norwegian girl gave birth to a stillborn child.
    We are nearly over the strong hot climate which is just the middle center between the North and South Poles called the Sun Line, our passage across that Godforsaken part of our travel lasted almost for three weeks, and full of suffering for good many of the passengers. The first part of the three weeks was very still scarcely a breath of wind and in consequence thereof did the rigging of ropes and tackle stretch and constantly slack and therewith make an intolerable noise to such an extent that it seemed that the whole rigmarole would break down, and so did the topyard on the main mast. It was brought on deck in two pieces in the awful rolling of the ship on account of the heavy seas. But the worst of all was that our water tanks were almost empty at these times and the little which was left got rotten of the abominable heat and was churned backward and forward in the tanks. Then there was the rust from the old iron chains, so a good dose of vinegar was put down in the few buckets of water so as to take the bad taste of rust, for all that it was a horrible drink. It made even coffee or tea smell and tasted rotten. A lot of people could be seen after drinking to spit and cough for to cleanse their mouth. But the last half of their ungodly plimas time was a relief so far as water is concerned because it started with a down pour of rain like it came from a sluice gate. Men and boys undressed themselves and laid down on the deck for a warm bath and drank rain water till they were nearly bursting. Canvas was spread in the lower rigging so as to catch the rain water for the tanks.

    On the 17 September we saw Cliffs of stone as big as an ordinary City that was what is called St Paul's Rock, Height 3042 Ft. A young single man dead.

    Wednesday 18th September. My wife has born us a daughter at half past eleven last night.

    29. Very calm.

    October 2. Today's sailing has been very slow as the wind is coming from the West which is against our course. Just now it blows almost in full force and heavy waves dash against the ships and some of them come aboard. A person cannot stand or go without holding on to something. During the day heavy snow has been coming down. It is the first snow we have seen on this side of the Equator.

    5. It is very cold. We must take to our woolen garments and underwear. We have still stormy weather in the passage at the southwest coast of Africa which is called the Cape of Good Hope, or in Danish the Gode Haabs Forgerg, but of course the ship was perhaps 400 or 500 miles out in the Pacific Ocean at the time.

    6. There was some misunderstanding between Danish and Norwegian companions, against some Germans.

    7. October last night at 2 0'clock died a boy of one and a half years belonging to a Shellan parent, Yensen by name, the little fellow had been ill for about three weeks.

    11. A girl born by a Polish married woman.

    29. Died a girl by name of Serinne belonging to some place in Jutland.

    November 1st. A son is born of a Swedish mans wife. My son Christian has been laid up in the Hospital for 8 days suffering of scarlet fever, but will soon be well again.

    November 3. My son Christian is out from Hospital today. A Polish married women has born a female child.

    November 8. Died a boy seven and a half years old, his parents come from Jutland.

    13. Died one and a half year old boy belonging to Polish parents. Until today's date are 17 children born and 15 dead in this ship all told, of less than 300 passengers and far from the end of the voyage.
    It is today the Captains Birthday, consequently a great flare up in the evening and all the men got a big knobler of brandy and the women folk got wine. The children each a packet of currants and prunes. And afterwards dancing and also some sing song. For all that, the corpse of a boy was laying ready for to be sent to the bottom of the Pacific Ocean. But he was put at the one end and the dancing was at the other end of the married passengers saloon.
    I will give a little description of the interior of that Compartment which serves for bedrooms, dining room, sitting room, tea room, and I may mention dressing room also and in bad weather as laundry. Therefore it cannot be wondered at that so many unlucky children have to go overboard and the worst of all in extra bad weather the Gangway from below on to the deck is always blocked by fastening the hatches over the sternway to prevent the seawater and heavy rain to come down in the Saloon which contains first, second, and third class passengers, but no distinction in the crowd. We are all as one in our unhappiness and painful surrounds, Because here in this ship are happenings going on which can baffle and astonish the most astute person. Our Quarter (excuse me) Saloon is midship about 130 feet long and the full width of the ship, 40 ft.
    The bunks or shall I call them beds are on the two and two principle, one above the other and 3 ft 6 in broad but how long I will not mention. In front of all the beds is nice seats made of nine inves boards, no doubt for comfort. The dinner tables are constructed so as to be hung up under the desk to allow more floor space when not needed to serve for our dainty menu or meals. The seats along the tables, for we have no chairs, are top heavy and cannot stand by themselves when they are not lashed by weight of occupation when heavy seas are running and that is almost every day and night. This is called the Pacific Ocean, but oh what a misnomer - truly. The single mens habitation is forward of ours and girls or unmarried women just behind, the reverse would not do as the crew occupy the forward part and the Captain and the Doctor and other officers also as well as the Hospital and Chemist Shop.

    November 17th. A girl is born of a Shetland parent.

    27. A girl born of Polish parents.

    29. We had a narrow escape as the ship in a dense dark spell was within a few feet of a towering cliff which the Captain stated in the morning was not marked on the sea chart. If the ship had got in touch with the rock there would likely not have been anybody left to tell the horrible result of such a casualty because the ship at the time was running under full pressure with all sails set in a half storm on account of fair wind blowing right into every stick of canvas on the four masts. It was stated by the sailors that the ship for the last 36 hours had been running fully 19 Miles per hour in such a speed against the rock would result in the ship going to atoms.

    December 4. A child dead belonging to a married parent from Thyland in North Jutland. Also a middle aged girl from Bavaria. She had been laid up in the Hospital nearly on the whole voyage. 5. Great joy on board as we can see New Zealand, but unfortunately no wind to bring the ship forward.

    6. A Steamer is in sight which will take our ship into Port Chalmers Harbour. Here is beautiful forest on both sides of the Harbour where the birds are singing and cattle on grass amongst the trees. We have received provisions from Dunedin consisting of fresh white bread, milk, bacon, vegetables also liberality of freight and good fresh water.

    16 December. Two families who had each a sick child were sent from the ship to Quarantine on a small island near Port Chalmers.

    24. We left the ship for the Emigrants Barracks, Princes Street, Dunedin and had dancing and music there for Christmas Eve, after a fortnights spell on board with a liberal supply of victuals from Dunedin.).
  7. [S755] Website The Voyage of The Palmerston 1872 (http://andreassend.blogspot.com.au/2009/12/…).
  8. [S755] Website The Voyage of The Palmerston 1872 (http://andreassend.blogspot.com.au/2009/12/…) (Diary of Christen Christensen,
    A passenger onboard The Palmerston
    Written and translated from Danish
    Arrived in Hamburg on the 21st July 1872.

    Left there 29th July two children died in Hamburg.

    August 1, entered into North Sea in heavy storm nearly everybody seasick. On the 4, one little child dead. Strong head wind, which drove the ship backwards for a good number of miles, which nearly brought the ship on the Cliffs of Heligoland. 6. Entered the English Channel.

    7. Dropped anchor opposite Dover on the coast.

    August 8. Left the Channel in fine weather and fair wind from the North.

    9. A female child born by an unmarried woman from Jutland. 10. Bad behaviour of two German girls who went to bed in the evening with two of the ships sailormen, it came before the Captain who went to the sailors quarters with a whip in his hand and laid it on pretty heavy on the cohabiters in bed, and the unlucky poor girls had to leave the sailors sweet company, with the only garment of a nightdress and had to wait for their clothing till late next morning. Small quantities of black ryebread was supplied to each platoon or ward, and then dog biscuits. All our black bread we had from Hamburg is consumed by this time, only liquid now. Wind West.

    14. We are now in Atlantic Ocean with good wind from the West.

    15. One little child dead the parents belong to Sweden.

    23. A female child dead belong to Sealands parents. South East wind. We can at this time see fishes double the size of horses.

    24. One little child dead belonging to Polish parents.

    25. Last night we come into trade wind and the passengers therefore had some enjoyment as a number of rockets and other fireworks were sent heavenward. We passed today the Island Maderia. Now we have sailed one month, and have now steady eastern wind.
    One man dead today belonging to Norway. He was a widower and had 4 children. The three he left in Christiana and the fourth which was 10 years of age was on board. With him a rumour was circulated amongst the passengers that the man had been stealing a bottle of poison from some person on board so as to poison himself thereby. But that was not so, that was done so as to hide away the real fact, which was done by one of the stewards on board who had to attend to the fumigation of all the occupied quarters below the main deck. It was done once a week by ordering all the passengers below up on to the main deck for the time of fumigation, and the Stewards duty was to see everybody had left below before he started the steaming or rather smoking and to see all hatches and ventilators closed up as to keep all the fumes from escaping. Then the steward brought down two or three buckets of Stockholm tar and placed them on a creating and lighted a coal fire so as to bring the contents to boil for about an hour. But the steward had overlooked to see into the beds so as to make certain that all the people were out, and they were not because this Norwegian was still in his bed sleeping. Afterwards when the people went down again the man was discovered dead in his bed, of suffocation no doubt of the strong poisoned gases from the boiling tar.
    Some ugly rumour soon passes amongst the passengers relating to the poor mans death, that gave the Captain some concern, as he did not like to have an investigation of the unlucky circumstances after the arrival in New Zealand because he would know it would likely be a serious matter for him and the steward, therefore he told the people on board that it was his intention to take the boy belonging to the dead man to bring him up himself as he had no children. That promise gave satisfaction to some of the passengers, not knowing the devious side of that promise by the Captain. The boy (later noted), was kept on board the ship until the last day before going away then the boy was told that he was to travel along with some person to serve in Oamaru district and to have a different name instead of his own. That was meant so he could not be traced by any of his ships companions, so ended that honourable promise of a German Ships Captain.

    27th August died my lovely little daughter Annabel Christensen at 11.00 pm after 5 weeks illness. She was born on the 12 December 1870 and was 1 year 8 months and 15 days old.

    Today Monday the 9 September died a four year old child born in Thyland north part of Jutland. These people had two children and both have died on the ship.

    12. Dead a three year old child belonging to Polish parents.

    16. A Norwegian girl gave birth to a stillborn child.
    We are nearly over the strong hot climate which is just the middle center between the North and South Poles called the Sun Line, our passage across that Godforsaken part of our travel lasted almost for three weeks, and full of suffering for good many of the passengers. The first part of the three weeks was very still scarcely a breath of wind and in consequence thereof did the rigging of ropes and tackle stretch and constantly slack and therewith make an intolerable noise to such an extent that it seemed that the whole rigmarole would break down, and so did the topyard on the main mast. It was brought on deck in two pieces in the awful rolling of the ship on account of the heavy seas. But the worst of all was that our water tanks were almost empty at these times and the little which was left got rotten of the abominable heat and was churned backward and forward in the tanks. Then there was the rust from the old iron chains, so a good dose of vinegar was put down in the few buckets of water so as to take the bad taste of rust, for all that it was a horrible drink. It made even coffee or tea smell and tasted rotten. A lot of people could be seen after drinking to spit and cough for to cleanse their mouth. But the last half of their ungodly plimas time was a relief so far as water is concerned because it started with a down pour of rain like it came from a sluice gate. Men and boys undressed themselves and laid down on the deck for a warm bath and drank rain water till they were nearly bursting. Canvas was spread in the lower rigging so as to catch the rain water for the tanks.

    On the 17 September we saw Cliffs of stone as big as an ordinary City that was what is called St Paul's Rock, Height 3042 Ft. A young single man dead.

    Wednesday 18th September. My wife has born us a daughter at half past eleven last night.

    29. Very calm.

    October 2. Today's sailing has been very slow as the wind is coming from the West which is against our course. Just now it blows almost in full force and heavy waves dash against the ships and some of them come aboard. A person cannot stand or go without holding on to something. During the day heavy snow has been coming down. It is the first snow we have seen on this side of the Equator.

    5. It is very cold. We must take to our woolen garments and underwear. We have still stormy weather in the passage at the southwest coast of Africa which is called the Cape of Good Hope, or in Danish the Gode Haabs Forgerg, but of course the ship was perhaps 400 or 500 miles out in the Pacific Ocean at the time.

    6. There was some misunderstanding between Danish and Norwegian companions, against some Germans.

    7. October last night at 2 0'clock died a boy of one and a half years belonging to a Shellan parent, Yensen by name, the little fellow had been ill for about three weeks.

    11. A girl born by a Polish married woman.

    29. Died a girl by name of Serinne belonging to some place in Jutland.

    November 1st. A son is born of a Swedish mans wife. My son Christian has been laid up in the Hospital for 8 days suffering of scarlet fever, but will soon be well again.

    November 3. My son Christian is out from Hospital today. A Polish married women has born a female child.

    November 8. Died a boy seven and a half years old, his parents come from Jutland.

    13. Died one and a half year old boy belonging to Polish parents. Until today's date are 17 children born and 15 dead in this ship all told, of less than 300 passengers and far from the end of the voyage.
    It is today the Captains Birthday, consequently a great flare up in the evening and all the men got a big knobler of brandy and the women folk got wine. The children each a packet of currants and prunes. And afterwards dancing and also some sing song. For all that, the corpse of a boy was laying ready for to be sent to the bottom of the Pacific Ocean. But he was put at the one end and the dancing was at the other end of the married passengers saloon.
    I will give a little description of the interior of that Compartment which serves for bedrooms, dining room, sitting room, tea room, and I may mention dressing room also and in bad weather as laundry. Therefore it cannot be wondered at that so many unlucky children have to go overboard and the worst of all in extra bad weather the Gangway from below on to the deck is always blocked by fastening the hatches over the sternway to prevent the seawater and heavy rain to come down in the Saloon which contains first, second, and third class passengers, but no distinction in the crowd. We are all as one in our unhappiness and painful surrounds, Because here in this ship are happenings going on which can baffle and astonish the most astute person. Our Quarter (excuse me) Saloon is midship about 130 feet long and the full width of the ship, 40 ft.
    The bunks or shall I call them beds are on the two and two principle, one above the other and 3 ft 6 in broad but how long I will not mention. In front of all the beds is nice seats made of nine inves boards, no doubt for comfort. The dinner tables are constructed so as to be hung up under the desk to allow more floor space when not needed to serve for our dainty menu or meals. The seats along the tables, for we have no chairs, are top heavy and cannot stand by themselves when they are not lashed by weight of occupation when heavy seas are running and that is almost every day and night. This is called the Pacific Ocean, but oh what a misnomer - truly. The single mens habitation is forward of ours and girls or unmarried women just behind, the reverse would not do as the crew occupy the forward part and the Captain and the Doctor and other officers also as well as the Hospital and Chemist Shop.

    November 17th. A girl is born of a Shetland parent.

    27. A girl born of Polish parents.

    29. We had a narrow escape as the ship in a dense dark spell was within a few feet of a towering cliff which the Captain stated in the morning was not marked on the sea chart. If the ship had got in touch with the rock there would likely not have been anybody left to tell the horrible result of such a casualty because the ship at the time was running under full pressure with all sails set in a half storm on account of fair wind blowing right into every stick of canvas on the four masts. It was stated by the sailors that the ship for the last 36 hours had been running fully 19 Miles per hour in such a speed against the rock would result in the ship going to atoms.

    December 4. A child dead belonging to a married parent from Thyland in North Jutland. Also a middle aged girl from Bavaria. She had been laid up in the Hospital nearly on the whole voyage. 5. Great joy on board as we can see New Zealand, but unfortunately no wind to bring the ship forward.

    6. A Steamer is in sight which will take our ship into Port Chalmers Harbour. Here is beautiful forest on both sides of the Harbour where the birds are singing and cattle on grass amongst the trees. We have received provisions from Dunedin consisting of fresh white bread, milk, bacon, vegetables also liberality of freight and good fresh water.

    16 December. Two families who had each a sick child were sent from the ship to Quarantine on a small island near Port Chalmers.

    24. We left the ship for the Emigrants Barracks, Princes Street, Dunedin and had dancing and music there for Christmas Eve, after a fortnights spell on board with a liberal supply of victuals from Dunedin.).
  9. [S756] The Otago Witness, 28 Dec 1872.
  10. [S326] New Zealand Birth Certificate, Central Registry 1884 No.3218 (14/18A 486).
  11. [S265] Victoria, Death Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages, 1913 No.2898.