Martha Alice Miller

#132, (3 November 1850-22 December 1921)
FatherRobert T. Miller (1805-14 Jun 1874)
MotherMary Fairclough (c 1812-7 Sep 1869)
Martha Alice Miller c1886
     (For a brief history and context on the Darby family see this page)

NOTE: The information on this page is my research to date and is subject to change as I become better informed. I very much welcome any corrections or additional info you might have - my email address is at the bottom of this page - Tim Hill.
+ + + + + + + + + +


Martha was born at 135 North Road on Sunday, 3 November 1850 at Preston, Lancashire. She was reportedly born at 2:30am.1,2 She was the daughter of Robert T. Miller and Mary Fairclough. She was baptised at St. John on Wednesday, 25 December 1850 at Preston, Lancashire.1 Martha Alice Miller also went by the name of Patty.3,4

She was recorded as living with her parents and older siblings Lizzie, Emma, Frederick and Ann in the 1851 census at 13 Great Shaw Street, Preston, Lancashire. She was recorded as being just 6 months old.5

During hard times the Miller family was a support to Cuerden Mill, especially with its school in January 1863:
"The relief generally is administered under the superintendence of Mr. Daniel Arkwright, manufacturer, of Preston, who from the first, and in consequence of his business connection with Cuerden Mill, has taken a very active and laudable part in attending to the wants of the operatives, and in carrying out the liberal measures proposed by the Messrs. Dewhurst. Mr. Robert Miller, manager at the mill, also labours most assiduously in supervising and directing the relief administered. But this is not all. About two months ago this firm decided to open an industrial school in one of the rooms of their mill-in the cloth warehouse, a light, well-ventilated place to the north-east of the establishment. It is supported by the Messrs. Dewhurst and Mr. R. Townley Parker, of Cuerden Hall. The former admit a number of their own hands; the latter gentleman, by his contributions, makes provision for several females residing more immediately in his own neighbourhood. The school is open four days a week - Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays - from nine till twelve, and from one till four. The average daily attendance is 150. Each of the temales receives 6d per day, or 2s. per week. They make shirts, chemises, petticoats, &c, for the Bamber Bridge Relief Committee. Mrs. Miller, the Misses Miller, of Cuerden, Miss Wignall, of Bamber Bridge Parsonage, and Miss Barton visit and superintend the school. When we visited it, all the females were at work. A more cheerful, busy, or contented place we never saw. No traces of distress were visible here. All were sewing away pleasantly, and everything seemed to be going on merrily. The girls were scrupulously clean, and a more rosi-faced, neatly-dressed class of females we hardly ever beheld."6




Her mother died 7 September 1869 at the approximate age of 58 years. Martha was aged 18 when this happened.7
cover from her prayer book


Patty Miller was listed as a servant in the household of James Jameson and Nancy Jameson in the 1871 census at 6 Bradshawgate, Bolton, Lancashire. She was recorded as being 20 years old. The Jameson's were the parents of her sister Eliza's husband.8 Patty Miller was a saleswoman, but on the census she was also described as a servant in the household. in 1871 at Bolton, Lancashire.8 She is thought to have had a number of suitors, one of whom was William Lever (later Lord Leverhulme). He was certainally one of her friends.9

Her father died 14 June 1874. Martha was aged 23 when this happened.10 Patty lived in August 1875 at at Cuerden Cottage in John Street, Sale, Cheshire, England.11

She married George Leonard Darby, son of John Darby and Mary Leonard, in a congregationalist ceremony at the Independent Chapel on Thursday, 5 August 1875 at Ashton upon Mersey, Sale, Cheshire. Witnesses to the wedding were Anna Margaret Breach, Jim Darby and Charles Lewis Brandreth.11,3,12 Patty, aged 25 and George Leonard Darby became the parents of Edythe Mary Darby on Sunday, 23 January 1876 at Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester.13,14,15,16

Patty Miller was recorded as the spouse of George Leonard Darby in the 1881 census at 132 Oxford Street, Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester. She was recorded as being 28 years old.. Also in the house was their young daughter, two boarders and a servant.14 Patty and George Leonard Darby became the parents of Mabelle Gertrude Darby circa August 1882 at Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester.13,17 Martha was left in England when George departed from Plymouth on 17 November 1883 for South Australia.18,19 Patty, aged 33 and George Leonard Darby became the parents of Elsie Florence Darby on Friday, 4 April 1884 at Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester. She was likely conceived just before George left England, and he proabably didn't know anything about her existence for many months..20 Patty lived in April 1884 at 103 Oxford Street, Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester.21 At least two photographs were taken of the Miller sisters, perhaps for Patty before she left for the colonies, never to return. Eliza gave an unknown person a leather-bound photograph album engraved with the date 3 November 1885 - the album still exists with many photographs from this period.
The Miller sisters (from left) - Lizzie Jamieson, Emma Breach, Patty Darby, Jennie Miller and (seated) sister-in-law Nellie(?) Miller, wife of Frederick. Probably taken as a final memento before the departure of Patty for South Australia in December 1885
(source: M. Willson)


At the age of 35 Patty Miller emmigrated from London on 25 December 1885 on the R.M.S. 'John Elder' with her three daughters. They were on their way to join her husband who had departed for the colonies three years earlier.22 Patty arrived at Port Adelaide, South Australia, on 9 February 1886.13

After his wife and children had finally joined him in South Australia, George placed an advertisment in the newspaper that he wished to buy a side-saddle and a honey extractor.23 On 5 December 1892 there was a visit by legislators (including an M.P.) to the Darby property at Mylor, South Australia where someone noted that George and his family had the best house in the district. There was perhaps a suggestion that this was inappropriate give George's position in the Land Office. Later that night, George and his wife and daughters contributed items to the programme of the concert in the evening.24 A suggestion that the Darbys had the best house in the district was refuted by a T. Murphy who said that Mr. Hughes had a much finer house and that the Darby House was only 2 stone rooms, like several other houses.25

Patty hosted a picnic on 19 January 1894:
"The Mylor Wesleyan Sunday-school picnic was held last Saturday at Holmndale, the residence of the Superintendent, Mrs. George Darby. The day passed off very pleasantly with games of cricket and tennis. In the evening the parents and friends of the children assembled for the distribution of prizes by Mrs. Darby, and the Revs. H. Cheater and C. T. Newman spoke encouragingly to the children. A concert, bright with song and recitation, was enjoyed by all, and a hearty vote of thanks given by the children to Mrs. Darby [who] brought the evening to a close."26

Patty lived in April 1894 at "Holmsdale", in Aldgate, South Australia.27 She was praised when it was acknowledged that "the nucleus of the school was originally gathered together in the private home of Mrs. Darby, who conducted it, and has since officiated as Superintendent" on 16 March 1895 at Mylor.28 She attended the annual gathering of the Women's Christian Temperance Union, where she gave a presentation on "the Story of John Tregnoweth" accompanied by 16 lantern slides on 11 August 1897 at Mylor.29 She attended the annual social of the West Adelaide Women's Christian temperance Union and sung a solo in August 1897 at Church of Christ schoolroom in Grote Street, in Adelaide.30 She attended the ninth annual convention of the Women's Christian temperance Union and sung a solo on 15 September 1897 at Adelaide.30 She was appointed as a member of the Allgate Visiting Committee by the State Children's Council (a group that looked after adoptions, fostering and reformatory schools) on 9 November 1897.31



In January 1898 there was a bushfire in Mylor that affected the Darby's place. This occurred on a hot and windy day, and there were about 35 people fighting the fire, which saved the house, trap and horse. In all, about 100 acres were burned. Whilst initial reports said that fruit trees, sheds, clothing etc were destroyed, another correspondent said about a dozen fruit trees were burnt. On the contrary, the worst sufferer seemed to be a Mr. Wake who had moved some of this things to the Darby's that day.32,33

She attended the tenth annual convention of the Women's Christian temperance Union and was elected to organise agricultural shows on 10 September 1898 at Adelaide.34 She presented a report to the conference of the Womens Christian Temperence Union about the ongoing work with shearers. in September 1899 at Union Hall in Pirie Street, in Adelaide.35,36,37,38 She was, along with at least two of ther daughters and a Mrs. Phillips, a stall-holder for the sale of dolls at the jumble fair held at on 20 July 1900 at Adelaide.39

The Darby's sufferred another unsettling incident on 4 May 1902:
"SERIOUS VEHICLE ACCIDENT. Mr. G.L. Darby (chief clerk of the Woods and Forests Department), whilst driving to his home from Aldgate station on Monday evening with his daughters, met with a serious accident. The horse stopped suddenly, and in doing so broke a portion of the harness. The animal then bolted round a curve at the foot of a steep hill, throwing out all the occupants of the vehicle. Mr. Darby's ankle was broken, and he was removed to the Adelaide Hospital. His daughters received a severe shaking and abrasions."40



Patty Miller initiated a discussion at the Women's Christian Temperence Union annual conference that she had interviewed "nearly all of the managers of bookstalls with a view to persuading them not to sell pernicious publications". She also presented a thoughtful paper on the same subject in the following year in September 1903.41,42,43 A picture was taken of George and Patty Darby in their final years.
George and Patty Darby in their final years
(source: Tim Hill collection)


Patty and Mabelle lived in 1904 at Stanley Street, in Adelaide.44 Patty, as the mother of the bride, attended Elsie Florence Darby and James Smith's wedding at "Kiliora"(?) Stanley St. on Thursday, 22 December 1904 at Adelaide.. James was a clerk.45 Patty provided information for the birth of Margery Jean Smith, on 31 March 1907 at MacKinnon Parade in McDonald Ward, in Adelaide, at the age of 56.46

On 21 January 1908 fire threatened the Darby home, but a number of fire fighters come to the property and it was saved by back-burning.47 Patty lived on 22 October 1913 at 'Holmdale', in Mylor, South Australia.48

Patty arranged a newspaper a memorial to her sister Emma on 15 September 1914:
"BREACH.-In fond memory of Emma, beloved wife of J. C. Breach, Southport, third daughter of the late R. T. Miller, manufacturer, Preston, England.

Oh, not forgotten, but passed before,
Where love is perfect and rest is sure.


-Inserted by her loving sister M. A. Darby. Holmesdale. Mylor. Will "Preston Guardian" please COPY?"49

A picture was taken of Heba and Margery Smith, their parents and their grandmother.
Marjorie and Heba Smith, James Smith and Elsie Darby, Martha Miller c1915
(source: Mrs. M. Willson)
She presumably lived with her spouse George at at Werneth House in the Adelaide suburb of Malvern in July 1920. The house had the same name as a house in Romiley, Cheshire, owned by Charles Richardson (Patty's brother-in-law).50

Patty died on 22 December 1921 at at Home for Incurables in the Adelaide suburb of Fullarton, South Australia, at age 71 of senile decay.51,4 Her body was interred at North Road cemetery at the Adelaide suburb of Medindie Gardens.52

Children of Martha Alice Miller and George Leonard Darby

Children
Last Edited29 Jan 2014
ChartsAylott Family - descendants
Darby Family - descendants
Fairclough Family - descendants
Leonard Family - descendants
Wayte Family - descendants
Mike Hill - ancestors
Descendents of Richard Darby

Citations

  1. [S246] Preston Parish Registers - St. John, Batch/Film C007135 Serial/Sheet 5593.
  2. [S228] General Register Office, England - Birth Certificates, Certified copy of an entry in a Register of Births 1850, Preston district, Preston sub-district, No.499.
  3. [S527] The Manchester Times, 14 August 1875 (issue 917).
  4. [S458] The Register (Adelaide), 23 Dec. 1921 p.6.
  5. [S392] National Census for England, 1851 (online image) Parish of Preston, Ecclesiastical District of Holy Trinity Church, Borough of Preston p.488.
  6. [S538] The Preston Chronicle, 'The Distress' 24 Jan 1863 p.6.
  7. [S400] General Register Office, England - Death Certificates, Certified copy of an entry in a Register of Deaths Chorlton Registration District, 1869, Sep Qtr., Vol.8c, p.460.
  8. [S412] National Census for England, 1871 (online image) Civil Parish of Great Bolton, registration district of Bolton, sub district of Bolton Eastern, peice 3940, folio 147 p.22.
  9. [S536] Letter from Mavis 'Patti' Willson to Tim Hill, 15 Feb 2012.
  10. [S400] General Register Office, England - Death Certificates, Certified copy of an entry in a Register of Deaths Preston Registration District, 1874, Jun Qtr., Vol.8e, p.442.
  11. [S242] General Register Office, England - Marriage Certificates, Certified copy of an entry in a Register of Births 1875 Vol. 8a. Entry 314.
  12. [S538] The Preston Chronicle, Marriages 14 Aug 1875 p.5.
  13. [S338] Website Ancestry.com.au (http://www.ancestry.com.au/) Ancestry.com. Victoria, Australia, Assisted and Unassisted Passenger Lists, 1839–1923 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc., 2009.
  14. [S393] National Census for England, 1881 (online image) Civil Parish of Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester, Municipal Ward of All Saints p.10.
  15. [S228] General Register Office, England - Birth Certificates, Certified copy of an entry in a Register of Births Jan Qtr Chorlton Vol.8c (index only).
  16. [S338] Website Ancestry.com.au (http://www.ancestry.com.au/) http://trees.ancestry.com.au/tree/22715327/person/…
  17. [S228] General Register Office, England - Birth Certificates, Certified copy of an entry in a Register of Births Jul Qtr Chorlton Vol.8c (index only).
  18. [S268] The Sydney Morning Herald, 1883 'THE ORIENT STEAMERS.', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 20 November, p. 7, viewed 6 April, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28371173
  19. [S336] The Argus, 1883 'THE S.S. POTOSI.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), 27 December, p. 4, viewed 6 April, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11839680
  20. [S228] General Register Office, England - Birth Certificates, Certified copy of an entry in a Register of Births 1884 No. 263.
  21. [S228] General Register Office, England - Birth Certificates, Certified copy of an entry in a Register of Births 1884 Book 137 No. 263.
  22. [S336] The Argus, 1885 'EUROPEAN TELEGRAMS.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), 31 December, p. 5, viewed 7 April, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article6078638
  23. [S321] The South Australian Advertiser, 1888 'Advertising.', The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1889), 3 December, p. 8, viewed 16 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article33444831
  24. [S244] The South Australian Register, 1892 'THE MYLOR HOMESTEAD BLOCKS.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 5 December, p. 7, viewed 17 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article48557693.
  25. [S244] The South Australian Register, 1892 'CORRESPONDENCE.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 17 December, p. 4, viewed 17 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article48555401.
  26. [S244] The South Australian Register, 1894 'PROVINCIAL NEWS.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 24 January, p. 6, viewed 17 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article53641908.
  27. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), 13 Apr 1894 p.4 Death Notices.
  28. [S244] The South Australian Register, 1895 'MYLOR, MARCH 11.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 16 March, p. 6, viewed 17 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article53711530.
  29. [S244] The South Australian Register, 1897 'W.C.T.U.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 13 August, p. 6, viewed 17 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article54504552.
  30. [S244] The South Australian Register, 1897 'TEMPERANCE.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 28 August, p. 9, viewed 17 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article54500687.
  31. [S244] The South Australian Register, 1897 'STATS CHILDREN'S COUNCIL.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 10 November, p. 6, viewed 18 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article54512492.
  32. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), 1898 'THE COUNTRY.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), 24 January, p. 6, viewed 18 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article35103487
  33. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), 1898 'TO CORRESPONDENTS.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), 27 January, p. 4, viewed 18 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article35103716
  34. [S244] The South Australian Register, 1898 'FOURTH DAY.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 10 September, p. 4, viewed 18 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article54405799.
  35. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), 1899 'W.C.T.U. CONVENTION.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), 21 September, p. 9, viewed 18 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article29515046
  36. [S244] The South Australian Register, 1900 'W.C.T.U.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 20 September, p. 8, viewed 18 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article54533057.
  37. [S244] The South Australian Register, 1901 'W.C.T.U. CONVENTION.', The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), 5 September, p. 3, viewed 18 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article56507037.
  38. [S458] The Register (Adelaide), 1902 'W.C.T.U.', The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), 17 September, p. 6, viewed 18 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article56262674
  39. [S244] The South Australian Register, 1900 'TEMPERANCE.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 21 July, p. 10, viewed 18 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article54449643.
  40. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), 1902 'SERIOUS VEHICLE ACCIDENT.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), 8 May, p. 4, viewed 18 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4917238
  41. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), 1903 'IMPURITY IN LITERATURE AND ART.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), 18 September, p. 4, viewed 18 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4999652
  42. [S458] The Register (Adelaide), 1903 'PURITY IN LITERATURE AND ART.', The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), 18 September, p. 4, viewed 18 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60001575
  43. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), 1904 'Advertising.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), 5 October, p. 2, viewed 18 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5026766
  44. [S7] South Australia, Marriage Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages 1904 No. 1183.
  45. [S7] South Australia, Marriage Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages 1904 No.1183.
  46. [S5] South Australia, Birth Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages 1907 No.187 (District of Adelaide).
  47. [S458] The Register (Adelaide), 1908 'FIRE AT BLACK HILL.', The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), 21 January, p. 6, viewed 24 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article56980262
  48. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), 22 Oct 1913 p.14 Death Notices.
  49. [S322] The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia), 1914 'Family Notices.', The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), 15 September, p. 6, viewed 17 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article6432402
  50. [S458] The Register (Adelaide), 22 Aug. 1902 p.4.
  51. [S6] South Australia, Death Certificate, Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages Vol 451 P.207.
  52. [S240] Cemetery transcript (microfiche) transcript reads "Martha Alice Darby" (no dates).
  53. [S691] All Saints (St. Matthias'), GB127.M320/1/3/1 - 09 Jul 1884.